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Enclosure design guidelines

 
 
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  #1
Enclosure design guidelines
Old 26-10-2008

Just wondering if there is a book or collection of information that outline for example how high a tiger fence must be or how far a monkey island should be from the shore to prevent escapes or which monkeys would simply swim off the island? Or is it a case of researching each species individually?
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  #2
Old 26-10-2008

WAZA - World Association of Zoos and Aquariums - Virtual Zoo map

If you click on each animal on the 'virtual zoo' it gives information about that animal and as well as that a few guidelines as to how they should be kept
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  #3
Old 26-10-2008

Thanks for your reply, it is very interesting but I was hoping for something more specific!
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  #4
Old 26-10-2008

have you looked at it properly? The tiger pages says how high the fence should be (4m) and how much the overhang should be (1m at 45 degrees) etc, which is one of the things you mentioned. I don't mean to sound patronising at all but if you scroll down on each page it gives fairly detailed guidelines
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  #5
Old 26-10-2008

It is an awesome website, and I am a huge fan. There is a wealth of information on many animals at zoos around the world.
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  #6
Old 27-10-2008

did hagenbeck ever publish a book as he did a lot of research into this sort of thing
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  #7
Old 27-10-2008

To snowleopard

Yes, very interesting and informative but I was appalled by some of the minimum recommendations for enclosure sizes. 300 square meters for bears?!
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  #8
Old 27-10-2008

@Dan: you are correct in being shocked by the minimum enclosure requirements of many of the animal species on that site, and it seems as the square meters being quoted were set down in the 1930's...haha. Most zoos have gradually eased away from the shocking standards set by their predecessors, and I only wish that many nations would outline minimum habitat areas that are far larger than current standards.
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  #9
Old 27-10-2008

Quote:
Originally Posted by Vulpes View Post
Just wondering if there is a book or collection of information that outline for example how high a tiger fence must be or how far a monkey island should be from the shore to prevent escapes or which monkeys would simply swim off the island? Or is it a case of researching each species individually?
The AZA also has guidelines, some of which are published. But they are available only to members (you have to be able to log in to their site)
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  #10
Old 28-10-2008

Animal Welfare | NSW Department of Primary Industries

I believe these are some of the best and toughest standard's in the world. . . I could be wrong. There is also a lot more involved then just meeting the standards when trying to obtain permission to exhibit these animals.
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  #11
Old 29-10-2008

In all honesty, I have only taken a quick glance. But still - my "main obsession" being the size of zoo enclosures, I was yet again disappointed. Again 300 square meters for bears as well as for lions and tigers?!
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  #12
Old 29-10-2008

These are absolute minimum standards. facilities are encouraged to make them as large as possible. Also in some enclosures climbing striuctures and other items can add to the available exhibit space. There are loads of other standards in place other than just the size of the enclosure that are in place to ensure animals get the most out of the available exhibit space.
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  #13
Old 30-10-2008

Yeah, donīt get me wrong, Jarkari. I am sure that many of these standards are very good and well thought thru. But those minimum sizes still apalls me. THEY ABSOLUTELY DISGUSTS ME!

I cannot believe that a bear or a tiger can live a good life confined to 300 square meters, whatever refined enrichment practices etc.
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  #14
Old 30-10-2008

The minimum requirements are nothing but a joke, and it's amazing that in some nations decades have gone by without any changes to the various wildlife acts. Thankfully the vast majority of zoos have many enclosures that go above and beyond the puny limits that are set by law.
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  #15
Old 30-10-2008

Just in case. I can remember only two zoos which keep lions and tigers in close to minimum areas (Antwerp and Amsterdam) and both plan to rebuild their exhibits.
 


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