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Australasian Leopard Population

Discussion in 'Australia' started by Zoofan15, 5 Dec 2021.

  1. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    Australasian Leopard Population

    Leopards are held across three facilities in Australasia - one holds a generic leopard and the other two hold Sri Lankan leopards.

    The Sri Lankan leopards are part of the European Breeding Programme. They include four founders and two young males, who were the first of their species born in Australasia.

    Adelaide Zoo has expressed an interest in holding Sri Lankan leopard in the future.


    Generic Leopard Population

    Kamo Wildlife Sanctuary, New Zealand:

    1.0 Mandla (01/10/2002 Heythrop Zoological Gardens) Imported 2005

    Total regional population: 1.0 leopards



    Sri Lankan Leopard Population

    National Zoo and Aquarium, Australia:

    1.0 Ankesh (born 13/08/2016 Santillana Zoo) Imported 2019
    0.1 Yakalla (born 20/05/2011 Parc des Félins) Imported 2019
    1.0 Asanka (born 24/12/2020 National Zoo and Aquarium) Ankesh x Yakalla
    1.0 Chatura (born 24/12/2020 National Zoo and Aquarium) Ankesh x Yakalla

    Darling Downs Zoo, Australia:

    1.0 Ecko (born 16/07/2016 Valencia Bioparc) Imported 2021
    0.1 Maysha (born 13/03/2017 Zoobotánico Jerez) Imported 2021

    Total regional population: 4.2 leopards


    I’d like to thank @Steve Robinson for details on the Sri Lankan leopards held at Darling Downs Zoo and for his initiative in undertaking the region’s most exciting import of 2021. I wish Darling Downs Zoo every success in breeding these magnificent cats.
     
  2. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    On a personal note, I’d like to say how exciting it’s been to witness the founding of the Sri Lankan leopard breeding programme in Australasia, with the arrival of two pairs at the Canberra National Zoo and Darling Downs Zoo in 2019 and 2021 respectively; and the birth of the first litter in December 2020.

    The founders of our Sumatran tiger breeding programme were imported before many of us were even born and African lions have been held in Australia for over a century; so to see history being made through the genesis of this breeding programme has been a humbling experience.
     
  3. jay

    jay Well-Known Member

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    I knew the leopards where on there way at ddz and am looking forward to a trip to see them soon
     
  4. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    Historical Persian Leopard Population

    I was interested to learn more about the Persian leopards held in our region and have come across the following information:

    Adelaide Zoo

    Adelaide Zoo imported 1.2 Persian leopard between 1980-1981:

    0.1 Ashraf
    Born at Berlin Zoo 24/12/1979
    Arrived at Adelaide Zoo 22/05/1980
    Fate Unknown

    1.0 Prince
    Born at Cincinnati 30/10/1980
    Arrived at Adelaide Zoo 01/10/1981
    Fate Unknown

    0.1 Princess
    Born at Cincinnati Zoo 31/10/1980
    Arrived at Adelaide Zoo 01/10/1981
    Sent to Perth Zoo 24/10/1984

    Prince and Ashraf produced the following offspring:

    1.0 Fury
    Born at Adelaide Zoo 02/02/1984
    Sent to Perth Zoo 25/10/1984

    0.1 Farah
    Born at Adelaide Zoo 13/04/1985
    Sent to Bristol Zoo 31/10/1985

    0.1 Miranda
    Born at Adelaide Zoo 29/05/1986
    Sent to Edinburgh Zoo 19/02/1987

    Another female was imported in 1985:

    0.1 Gloriana
    Born at Bristol Zoo 31/07/1984
    Arrived at Adelaide Zoo 29/11/1985
    Fate Unknown

    Prince and Gloriana produced the following offspring:

    0.1 Badoura
    Born at Adelaide Zoo 04/10/1989
    Sent to Münster Zoo 01/10/1990

    0.1 Sadira
    Born at Adelaide Zoo 04/10/1989
    Sent to Münster Zoo 03/10/1990

    0.1 Shiraz
    Born at Adelaide Zoo 30/11/1991
    Sent to Melbourne Zoo 05/06/1992

    0.1 Kashmar
    Born at Adelaide Zoo 30/11/1991
    Sent to Melbourne Zoo 05/06/1992

    1.0 Ambar
    Born at Adelaide Zoo 08/11/1992
    Died at Adelaide Zoo 10/04/2010

    1.0 Sirjan
    Born at Adelaide Zoo 08/11/1992
    Fate Unknown

    1.0 Tabriz
    Born at Adelaide Zoo 08/11/1992
    Sent to Aalborg Zoo 03/03/1994

    Perth Zoo

    Perth Zoo received 1.1 Persian leopard in 1984:

    0.1 Princess
    Born at Cincinnati Zoo 31/10/1980
    Arrived at Perth Zoo 24/10/1984 (via Adelaide Zoo)
    Died at Perth Zoo 00/07/1988

    1.0 Fury
    Born at Adelaide Zoo 02/02/1984
    Arrived at Perth Zoo 25/10/1984
    Sent to Crocodylus Park 00/08/2001

    Fury and Princess produced the following offspring:

    0.1 Ishtar
    Born at Perth Zoo 10/01/1987
    Sent to Crocodylus Park 00/08/2001

    0.1 Tiamat
    Born at Perth Zoo 10/01/1987
    Sent to Crocodylus Park 00/08/2001

    Melbourne Zoo

    Melbourne Zoo received 0.2 Persian leopard in 1992:

    0.1 Shiraz
    Born at Adelaide Zoo 30/11/1991
    Arrived at Melbourne Zoo 05/06/1992
    Died at Melbourne Zoo < 00/11/2005

    0.1 Kashmar
    Born at Adelaide Zoo 30/11/1991
    Arrived at Melbourne Zoo 05/06/1992
    Died at Melbourne Zoo 00/07/2013

    Notes

    This isn’t a complete list of Persian leopards held in Australasia. A study of kidney disease in felids notes that 19 Persian leopards have been held in Australian zoos, of which 16 are recorded here.

    The study notes the following number of Persian leopards were born per decade: < 1975 = 1 leopard; 1975-1984 = 4 leopards; 1985-1994 = 14 leopards; > 1994 = 0 leopards. Since we know there were 5 leopards born between 1975-1984 (not 4), it’s possible the 1 recorded prior to 1975 was a mistake and should have been recorded in the second bracket.

    The study notes 2 of the 14 births between 1985-1994 died aged 0-6 months. I haven’t been able to find any details on these cubs, but they were likely littermates of the 1985 or 1986 Adelaide litters that otherwise would have contained a single cub.

    This leaves one Persian leopard unaccounted for that was born between 1985-1994 and survived to at least 6 months of age.

    Perth Zoo advised their remaining 1.2 Persian leopards were sent to Crocodylus Park (together) in August 2001, though some people on here have stated the male was sent the following year. If anyone can confirm the exact date, I will put in a request for this to be edited, but have otherwise kept it at August 2001.

    The four at Adelaide Zoo listed as Fate Unknown were implied to have died at Adelaide Zoo, but I don’t have confirmation of this or a death date for these leopards.
     
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  5. tetrapod

    tetrapod Well-Known Member

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    Princess was unfortunately killed by Fury when the two were paired together. Not sure whether this was accidental or keeper error getting the timing wrong. The twin daughters used the same enclosure as Fury in a time share, never mixing.
     
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  6. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    It’s a great shame considering they’d previously been paired successfully, producing twins.

    I’m wondering if Ashraf at Adelaide Zoo suffered a similar fate as she disappeared from records after producing her third litter at the age of six.

    Curiously, Adelaide Zoo imported a new female in 1985 (who subsequently bred with Ashraf’s mate) before her death (Ashraf produced cubs in 1986). I’m not sure what the intention was here as zoos weren’t as preoccupied with genetic diversity as they are now.
     
  7. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    Update on Perth Zoo’s phase out:

    Thanks to @steveroberts for confirming he saw Fury at Perth Zoo upon his visit in August 2002; but not on his visit in September 2002, when he was advised by staff Fury had just left for Crocodylus Park.

    It appears Perth Zoo’s records department were mistaken in saying all three leopards were sent to Crocodylus Park in August 2001, as this is also contradicted in their annual report for that year:

    As part of the collection planning process, the Zoo decided that its three leopards should be phased out of the collection in line with the Australasian region’s priority on breeding other endangered cat species.The two female Persian Leopards were transferred to Crocodylis Park in the Northern Territory in August 2001. The remaining male is awaiting placement at another zoo.

    https://perthzoo.wa.gov.au/PerthZoo...orts/CORP_Perth-Zoo-Annual-Report_2001-02.pdf
     
  8. Tigergal

    Tigergal Member

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    Are we able to list the snow/clouded leopards in the region in here too? Or do they have another thread I’ve missed? Thanks!
     
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  9. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    We have a thread for Snow leopard, which can be found here:

    Australasian Snow Leopard Population

    Snow leopard aren’t closely related to regulation leopards (they’re more closely related to tigers), so we decided they’d have seperate threads. Though it’s been interesting to see the effect they’ve had on each other with zoos like the National Zoo phasing one out for the other.

    To date, Clouded leopard don’t currently have a thread given there’s only two at the country (both living at the same facility) and there hasn’t really been anything to report.

    We always welcome people starting new population threads though, so if you had another idea for one, feel free to send a group PM to @Zoofan15, @WhistlingKite24, @akasha and @Patrick Keegan. :)
     
  10. Tigergal

    Tigergal Member

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    Thanks Zoofan! :)
     
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  11. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    Birth Announcement:

    As reported in the Darling Downs news thread, they've welcomed the birth of two Sri Lankan leopards. A huge achievement for the zoo and the regional breeding programme.

    This is only the second birth of the species in the history of the region.

    Gender to be confirmed but hopefully a female in the litter to form a potential pair with one of the males from the National Zoo at a third facility.
     
    Last edited: 28 May 2022
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  12. Jambo

    Jambo Well-Known Member

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    Great news!

    Hopefully if there is a female in this litter, a new pairing can be created with one of the males from the National Zoo litter.

    Adelaide plan to hold them in the future, and even zoos like Melbourne and Mogo could also get on board with the breeding program as well. Sri Lankan Leopard appear to be the next focus leopard species for Australia following the phase out of Snow Leopards by most of the holders within the region.
     
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  13. Zorro

    Zorro Well-Known Member

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    I believe one was a female but I am not 100 percent sure
     
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  14. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    If so, she would be the first female of her species born in the region.

    Darling Downs Zoo deserve additional praise for the speedy introduction and successful breeding of these cats. Clearly an indication of an owner and staff who have the expertise and experience to manage these introductions; combined with a well socialised and compatible pair.
     
    Last edited: 28 May 2022
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  15. Zorro

    Zorro Well-Known Member

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    I believe they have a deep understanding of cat behaviour which would be why they are having so much success with the species they have. I believe any zoo within the region that wishes to keep them needs to be in the EEP program before they can be a holder for them
     
  16. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    Yes that’s correct, with the Australasian holders of Sri Lankan leopard functioning as an extension to the EEP programme. This means the offspring bred here may have matches made with leopards in European zoos; though it’s commonsense to allocate Australasia two unrelated pairs with the intention of pairing at least one of their respective offspring with each other from a logistical perspective.

    Adelaide will presumably be looking to join the EEP in the near future; and possibly Melbourne and Mogo.

    By the time we get to five holders, we’ll likely be looking at an import of at least one more founder.
     
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  17. Zorro

    Zorro Well-Known Member

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    Five holders would be awesome but they need to join the eep sooner than later
     
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  18. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    It could take a while to reach this stage. For example, this is the progression of the Sumatran tiger breeding programme:

    1979: First Holder (Taronga Zoo)
    1979: Second Holder (Melbourne)
    1992: Third Holder (Wellington)
    1994: Fourth Holder (Perth)
    1995: Fifth Holder (Adelaide)

    Adelaide Zoo haven’t even begun constructing their exhibit; while Mogo Zoo likely won’t receive this species until their Snow leopard passes (if it’s their intention to acquire them).
     
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  19. Zorro

    Zorro Well-Known Member

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    Then it would be safe to assume they have little interest in them :(
     
  20. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    Don’t give up hope just yet! Adelaide have accommodated them in their masterplan and there’s no indication so far that they’ve been scrapped. I was told their intention is to receive a male and female from within the region, so it’ll be a few years before that’s possible (assuming there’s a female within DDZ’s new litter).

    A male-female litter at Darling Downs Zoo could combine with the two males born at Canberra to give a third facility a breeding pair; and a fourth and fifth facility a single male.

    As the regional population grows, their availability will increase. There’s several zoos that probably wouldn’t undertake the effort required to import from Europe, but would happily receive one from within the region as they become available.
     
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