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Cheetah in New Zealand Zoos

Discussion in 'New Zealand' started by Zoofan15, 28 Oct 2016.

  1. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

    Joined:
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    Location:
    New Zealand
    Cheetah
    Acinonyx jubatus

    Recently I did some research on the cheetah of Perth Zoo and was interested to discover they sent one of their females, Kitoko (1998) on three breeding holidays to Monarto Zoo in late 2001, 2002 and 2004, each lasting around 6-8 weeks. The 2001 holiday resulted in the successful birth of a cub in March 2002.

    Perth Zoo initially held a breeding pair, Puss (1962) and Duma (1963), who were imported in 1967 but never bred. Research on captive breeding of cheetah has since proved that three main factors contribute to successful natural breeding: adequate space, a selection of males for the queen (breeding female) to choose from, and housing that is not in close proximity to other big cats, especially lions. Since Perth Zoo lacked these factors, they were likely to be unsuccessful and so sending Kitoko on a breeding holiday was essentially their only option. Hamilton Zoo attempted to breed in the 2000s with their pair, but were unsuccessful. This was most likely due to them only having the space to hold one male. In contrast, zoos like Orana Wildlife Park, Taronga Western Plains Zoo and Monarto Zoo have all experienced success.

    I’m interested to know why this hasn’t been trialled at the Hamilton and Wellington Zoos, instead of them both holding bachelors. The distance from Perth to Monarto is approximately 2,760km. Hamilton is 950km from Christchurch (Orana Wildlife Park) and Wellington is only 440km from Christchurch (Orana Wildlife Park).

    Hamilton or Wellington could hold a female, send her to Orana Wildlife Park for 6-8 weeks for breeding and then have her returned to their zoo to give birth and raise the cubs. Orana Wildlife Park currently have at least 4 females of reproductive age and are unable to allow all four to breed each year due to space limitations. This would also allow other zoos than Orana Wildlife Park to have the experience of rearing cheetah cubs for the first time.
     
  2. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

    Joined:
    7 Mar 2015
    Posts:
    1,187
    Location:
    New Zealand
    I will update this thread with a list of all the cheetah (past and present) held in New Zealand Zoos, starting with Auckland and Hamilton Zoo.
     
  3. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

    Joined:
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    Posts:
    1,187
    Location:
    New Zealand
    Auckland Zoo

    Anubis (M)

    Born 5 June 2005 at De Wildt Cheetah and Wildlife Centre
    Arrived at Auckland Zoo 11 April 2006
    Still at Auckland Zoo

    Osiris (M)
    Born 5 June 2005 at De Wildt Cheetah and Wildlife Centre
    Arrived at Auckland Zoo 11 April 2006
    Still at Auckland Zoo
     
  4. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

    Joined:
    7 Mar 2015
    Posts:
    1,187
    Location:
    New Zealand
    Hamilton Zoo

    Temba (F)

    Born 8 April 1999 at Cango Wildlife Ranch
    Arrived at Hamilton Zoo 17 November 2001
    Sent to Orana Wildlife Park 16 August 2007

    Mwandi (M)
    Born 26 May 2000 at Cango Wildlife Ranch
    Arrived at Hamilton Zoo 17 November 2001
    Sent to Orana Wildlife Park 1 June 2003

    Kaitoa (M)
    Born 6 November 1997 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Arrived at Hamilton Zoo 2 September 2003
    Sent to Orana Wildlife Park 16 August 2007

    Jambo (M)
    Born 1 October 2004 at Taronga Western Plains Zoo
    Arrived at Hamilton Zoo 23 August 2007
    Died at Hamilton Zoo 28 February 2016

    Moyo Matusi (M)
    Born 1 October 2004 at Taronga Western Plains Zoo
    Arrived at Hamilton Zoo 23 August 2007
    Still at Hamilton Zoo
     
    Last edited: 2 Nov 2016
  5. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

    Joined:
    7 Mar 2015
    Posts:
    1,187
    Location:
    New Zealand
    Wellington Zoo

    Lady (F)
    Born 24 February 1972 at Montpellier Zoo
    Arrived at Wellington Zoo 17 June 1975
    Died at Wellington Zoo 29 July 1985

    Tendo (M)

    Born 1 January 1973 in Namibia
    Arrived at Wellington Zoo 7 June 1977
    Died at Wellington Zoo 12 April 1984

    Unnamed (M)*
    Born 1 January 1976 at Wellington Zoo
    Died at Wellington Zoo 1 January 1976
    Dam: Lady, Sire: Unknown

    Unnamed (U)
    Born 25 October 1977 at Wellington Zoo
    Died at Wellington Zoo 25 October 1977
    Dam: Lady, Sire: Tendo

    Unnamed (U)
    Born 25 October 1977 at Wellington Zoo
    Died at Wellington Zoo 25 October 1977
    Dam: Lady, Sire: Tendo

    Unnamed (M)
    Born 21 April 1978 at Wellington Zoo
    Died at Wellington Zoo 21 April 1978
    Dam: Lady, Sire: Tendo

    Unnamed (M)

    Born 21 April 1978 at Wellington Zoo
    Died at Wellington Zoo 21 April 1978
    Dam: Lady, Sire: Tendo

    Unnamed (F)
    Born 21 April 1978 at Wellington Zoo
    Died at Wellington Zoo 21 April 1978
    Dam: Lady, Sire: Tendo

    Raja (M)
    Born 13 August 1978 at Whipsnade Zoo
    Arrived at Wellington Zoo 7 November 1979
    Died at Wellington Zoo 14 August 1985

    Avon Chaka (M)
    Born 26 April 1984 at Whipsnade Zoo
    Arrived at Wellington Zoo 28 November 1984
    Died at Wellington Zoo 18 April 1989

    Juba (F)
    Born 9 November 1984 at Whipsnade Zoo
    Arrived at Wellington Zoo 30 April 1986
    Sent to Taronga Western Plains Zoo 28 November 1991

    Malindi (F)
    Born 30 November 1989 at Taronga Western Plains Zoo
    Arrived at Wellington Zoo 28 November 1991
    Died at Wellington Zoo 31 May 1997

    Asante (M)
    Born 30 November 1989 at Taronga Western Plains Zoo
    Arrived at Wellington Zoo 28 November 1991
    Died at Wellington Zoo 28 February 2006

    Etosha (M)
    Born 30 November 1989 at Taronga Western Plains Zoo
    Arrived at Wellington Zoo 28 November 1991
    Died at Wellington Zoo 28 January 2006

    Delta (M)
    Born 8 May 2004 at De Wildt Cheetah Centre
    Arrived at Wellington Zoo 2 March 2005
    Died at Wellington Zoo 2 September 2013

    Charlie (M)
    Born 8 May 2004 at De Wildt Cheetah Centre
    Arrived at Wellington Zoo 2 March 2005
    Still at Wellington Zoo

    Shomari (M)
    Born 9 April 2009 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Arrived at Wellington Zoo 28 May 2014
    Died at Wellington Zoo 28 May 2014

    Cango (M)
    Born 9 April 2009 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Arrived at Wellington Zoo 28 May 2014
    Still at Wellington Zoo

    Kunjuka (M)
    Born 9 April 2009 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Arrived at Wellington Zoo 6 June 2014
    Still at Wellington Zoo

    *May be error in studbook as Wellington Zoo did not have a male cheetah at estimated time of conception and mother arrived at least six months prior to birth, meaning cub could not have been conceived at another institution.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 3 Nov 2016
  6. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    Location:
    New Zealand
    I will try and do Orana Wildlife Park next week, unless anyone else wants the honour?
     
  7. zooboy28

    zooboy28 Moderator Staff Member

    Joined:
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    Posts:
    4,625
    Location:
    Melbourne, Aust (ex. NZ)
    I might be tired and not reading this correctly, but wouldn't this male have been the likely father? Or should the unknown have been born 1976?
     
  8. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

    Joined:
    7 Mar 2015
    Posts:
    1,187
    Location:
    New Zealand
    My apologies. I made a mistake and recorded the DOB of the unknown as 1 January 1986 instead of the correct DOB, 1 January 1976.

    As an admin, are you able to edit my post to correct this error? If not, could you please delete it (I have an amended copy saved on my computer), so I can repost a factually correct copy to this thread.
     
    zooboy28 likes this.
  9. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

    Joined:
    7 Mar 2015
    Posts:
    1,187
    Location:
    New Zealand
    Orana Wildlife Park

    Kibo (M)
    Born 11 June 1987 at Taronga Western Plains Zoo
    Arrived at Orana Wildlife Park 29 October 1988
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 19 February 1999

    Mikumi (M)

    Born 11 June 1987 at Taronga Western Plains Zoo
    Arrived at Orana Wildlife Park 29 October 1988
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 12 November 1998

    Malaika (F)
    Born 26 April 1990 at Edinburgh Zoo
    Arrived at Orana Wildlife Park 18 July 1991
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 12 December 1997

    Seli (F)
    Born 20 January 1990 at Fota Wildlife Park
    Arrived at Orana Wildlife Park 23 July 1991
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 13 October 1993

    Unnamed (U)
    Born 11 April 1993 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 11 April 1993
    Dam: Malaika, Sire: Mikumi

    Unnamed (F)
    Born 19 December 1993 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 21 December 1993
    Dam: Malaika, Sire: Kibo

    Moja (M)
    Born 20 December 1993 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 26 September 2005
    Dam: Malaika, Sire: Unknown

    Mbili (M)

    Born 20 December 1993 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 3 November 2006
    Dam: Malaika, Sire: Unknown

    Tatu (M)
    Born 20 December 1993 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 5 July 2007
    Dam: Malaika, Sire: Unknown

    Unnamed (M)
    Born 16 July 1995 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 16 July 1995
    Dam: Malaika, Sire: Unknown

    Unnamed (M)
    Born 16 July 1995 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 16 July 1995
    Dam: Malaika, Sire: Unknown

    Unnamed (M)
    Born 16 July 1995 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 16 July 1995
    Dam: Malaika, Sire: Unknown

    Unnamed (M)
    Born 16 July 1995 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 17 July 1995
    Dam: Malaika, Sire: Unknown

    Unnamed (F)
    Born 16 July 1995 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 18 July 1995
    Dam: Malaika, Sire: Unknown

    Unnamed (F)
    Born 16 July 1995 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 19 July 1995
    Dam: Malaika, Sire: Unknown

    Unnamed (F)
    Born 16 July 1995 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 19 July 1995
    Dam: Malaika, Sire: Unknown

    Julai (F)
    Born 16 July 1995 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 5 August 2005
    Dam: Malaika, Sire: Unknown

    Unnamed (M)
    Born 4 November 1995 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 27 November 1995
    Dam: Malaika, Sire: Unknown

    Unnamed (F)
    Born 4 November 1995 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 18 November 1995
    Dam: Malaika, Sire: Unknown

    Unnamed (M)
    Born 6 November 1997 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 11 December 1997
    Dam: Malaika, Sire: Mikumi

    Kaitoa (M)
    Born 6 November 1997 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Sent to Hamilton Zoo 2 September 2003
    Arrived at Orana Wildlife Park 16 August 2007
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 10 January 2012
    Dam: Malaika, Sire: Mikumi

    Kaskazi (F)
    Born 6 November 1997 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 26 December 2004
    Dam: Malaika, Sire: Mikumi

    Yatima (F)
    Born 6 November 1997 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 19 Janauary 2005
    Dam: Malaika, Sire: Mikumi

    Umbulla (M)
    Born 15 September 1996 at Hoedspruit Endangered Species Centre
    Arrived at Orana Wildlife Park 15 December 2001
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 24 June 2009

    Mwandi (M)
    Born 26 May 2000 at Cango Wildlife Ranch
    Arrived at Orana Wildlife Park 1 June 2003
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 11 February 2015

    Rahi (M)
    Born 30 October 2004 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 20 June 2014
    Dam: Yatima, Sire: Mwandi

    Tane (M)

    Born 30 October 2004 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 23 September 2015
    Dam: Yatima, Sire: Mwandi

    Kaha (M)
    Born 30 October 2004 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Still at Orana Wildlife Park
    Dam: Yatima, Sire: Mwandi

    Kura (F)
    Born 30 October 2004 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 31 March 2010
    Dam: Yatima, Sire: Mwandi

    Kitoko (F)
    Born 7 April 1998 at De Wildt Cheetah and Wildlife Centre
    Arrived at Orana Wildlife Park 6 February 2006
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 7 October 2008

    Temba (F)

    Born 8 April 1999 at Cango Wildlife Ranch
    Arrived at Orana Wildlife Park 16 August 2007
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 27 February 2013

    Gizmo (M)
    Born 14 October 2006 at Cango Wildlife Ranch
    Arrived at Orana Wildlife Park 22 August 2007
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 19 November 2015

    Gemma (F)
    Born 27 September 2006 at Cango Wildlife Ranch
    Arrived at Orana Wildlife Park 22 August 2007
    Still at Orana Wildlife Park

    Blaine (M)
    Born 26 May 2000 at Cango Wildlife Ranch
    Arrived at Orana Wildlife Park 19 November 2008
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 31 December 2012

    Jonah (M)
    Born 18 March 2004 in South Africa
    Arrived at Orana Wildlife Park 19 November 2008
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 23 March 2015

    Cango (M)
    Born 9 April 2009 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Sent to Wellington Zoo 28 May 2014
    Dam: Kura, Sire: Jonah

    Kunjuka (M)
    Born 9 April 2009 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Sent to Wellington Zoo 6 June 2014
    Dam: Kura, Sire: Jonah

    Shomari (M)
    Born 9 April 2009 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Sent to Wellington Zoo 28 May 2014
    Dam: Kura, Sire: Jonah

    Mazza (F)
    Born 9 April 2009 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Still at Orana Wildlife Park
    Dam: Kura, Sire: Jonah

    Gijima (M)
    Born 27 November 2009 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Sent to Taronga Western Plains Zoo 26 July 2012
    Dam: Kura, Sire: Jonah

    Kebeni (M)
    Born 27 November 2009 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Sent to Taronga Western Plains Zoo 26 July 2012
    Dam: Kura, Sire: Jonah

    Timka (M)
    Born 27 November 2009 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Sent to Taronga Western Plains Zoo 26 July 2012
    Dam: Kura, Sire: Jonah

    Unnamed (F)
    Born 27 November 2009 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 24 February 2010
    Dam: Kura, Sire: Jonah

    Unnamed (F)
    Born 27 November 2009 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 12 May 2010
    Dam: Kura, Sire: Jonah

    Kiana (F)
    Born 18 October 2009 at Cango Wildlife Ranch
    Arrived at Orana Wildlife Park 5 April 2013
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 25 November 2015

    Lusi (F)
    Born 17 September 2010 at Cango Wildlife Ranch
    Arrived at Orana Wildlife Park 5 April 2013
    Still at Orana Wildlife Park

    Unnamed (M)
    Born 27 April 2013 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 29 April 2013
    Dam: Mazza, Sire: Gizmo

    Unnamed (M)
    Born 27 April 2013 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 2 May 2013
    Dam: Mazza, Sire: Gizmo

    Unnamed (M)
    Born 27 April 2013 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 2 May 2013
    Dam: Mazza, Sire: Gizmo

    Unnamed (F)
    Born 27 April 2013 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 28 April 2013
    Dam: Mazza, Sire: Gizmo

    Unnamed (F)
    Born 27 April 2013 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 2 May 2013
    Dam: Mazza, Sire: Gizmo

    Unnamed (M)
    Born 2 November 2013 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 14 November 2013
    Dam: Mazza, Sire: Gizmo

    Boo (M)

    Born 2 November 2013 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Sent to Symbio Wildlife Park 20 May 2016
    Dam: Mazza, Sire: Gizmo

    Lion (M)
    Born 2 November 2013 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Sent to Symbio Wildlife Park 20 May 2016
    Dam: Mazza, Sire: Gizmo

    Unnamed (F)
    Born 2 November 2013 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 14 November 2013
    Dam: Mazza, Sire: Gizmo

    Unnamed (M)
    Born 1 December 2013 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 2 December 2013
    Dam: Lusi, Sire: Jonah

    Unnamed (F)
    Born 1 December 2013 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 2 December 2013
    Dam: Lusi, Sire: Jonah

    Unnamed (F)
    Born 1 December 2013 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 6 December 2013
    Dam: Lusi, Sire: Jonah

    Unnamed (U)
    Born 28 October 2014 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Died at Orana Wildlife Park 29 October 2014
    Dam: Mazza, Sire: Gizmo

    Gorse (M)
    Born 28 October 2014 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Still at Orana Wildlife Park
    Dam: Mazza, Sire: Gizmo

    Kanzi (M)
    Born 28 October 2014 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Still at Orana Wildlife Park
    Dam: Mazza, Sire: Gizmo

    Matata (M)
    Born 28 October 2014 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Still at Orana Wildlife Park
    Dam: Mazza, Sire: Gizmo

    Nia (F)

    Born 28 October 2014 at Orana Wildlife Park
    Still at Orana Wildlife Park
    Dam: Mazza, Sire: Gizmo
     
  10. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

    Joined:
    7 Mar 2015
    Posts:
    1,187
    Location:
    New Zealand
    Orana Wildlife Park have so far raised 24 cheetah to adulthood, all from the same family of which there have been five generations. Remaining at Orana are:

    Kaha M04 (third generation)

    Mazza F09 (fourth generation)

    Gorse M14 (fifth generation)

    Kanzi M14 (fifth generation)

    Matata M14 (fifth generation)

    Nia F14 (fifth generation)

    As well as two imported cheetah:

    Gemma F06

    Lusi F10

    Of the adult females, two have bred before: Mazza (successfully) and Lusi (unsuccessfully) but both their previous mates passed away in 2015.

    Mazza and her daughter Nia are related to all four males at the park, but any of these males would be suitable to breed with Gemma or Lusi. Given Gemma’s age (10 years) and previous history of non breeding, it would be more likely they would succeed with breeding from Lusi (6 years).

    Hopefully Orana will also import some new males as potential mates for Mazza and Nia. Mazza is nearing the end of her reproductive years but is a proven breeder while Nia is now two years old and approaching reproductive age.