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Exotic Amphibians and Reptiles in Australian Zoos

Discussion in 'Australia' started by zooboy28, 15 Dec 2013.

  1. zooboy28

    zooboy28 Moderator Staff Member

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    This is a list of exotic amphibian and reptile species held in Australian zoos. The list excludes native species (including all sea turtles and species from places such as Christmas Island).

    In the cases of there only being one or two individuals of a species left in Australia, this has been noted after the listing.

    Similar to the exotic mammal list, this is likely to be missing a number of zoos and possibly species, and contributions of missing information from all are welcomed!


    Last full update: January 2020


    Amphibians:
    Five species in three families.


    Ambystomatidae:

    -Axolotl Ambystoma mexicanum - Adelaide Zoo, SEALIFE Sydney, Underwater World (Mooloolaba)


    Bufonidae:

    -Cane Toad Rhinella (Bufo) marinus - Adelaide Zoo, Australian Reptile Park, Currumbin Wildlife Park, Dreamworld, Perth Zoo, Taronga Zoo, Territory Wildlife Park, Underwater World (Mooloolaba)


    Dendrobatidae:

    -Splash-backed Poison-Arrow Frog Dendrobates galactonotus - Australia Zoo

    -Blue Poison-Arrow Frog Dendrobates azureus - Adelaide Zoo, Australian Reptile Park

    -Dyeing Poison-Arrow Frog Dendrobates tinctorius - Adelaide Zoo, Australia Zoo, Australian Reptile Park, Ballarat Wildlife Park, Hartley's Crocodile Adventures


    Reptiles:
    75 species, in 22 families.


    Alligatoridae:

    -American Alligator Alligator mississippiensis - Adelaide Zoo, Altina Wildlife Park, Australia Zoo, Australian Reptile Park, Ballarat Wildlife Park, Billabong Sanctuary, Crocodylus Park, Currumbin Wildlife Park, Darling Downs Zoo, D'Aguilar Wildlife, Gorge Wildlife Park, Halls Gap Zoo, Hartley's Crocodile Adventures, Hunter Valley Zoo, National Zoo, Mogo Zoo, Oakvale Fauna Park, Shoalhaven Zoo, Snakes Down Under, Symbio Wildlife Park, Tasmania Zoo, Wild Cat Conservation Centre, Wildlife HQ


    Crocodylidae:

    -New Guinea Crocodile Crocodylus novaeguineae - Crocodylus Park, Malcolm Douglas Wilderness Park

    -Philippine Crocodile Crocodylus mindorensis - Crocodylus Park, Melbourne Zoo

    -Nile Crocodile Crocodylus niloticus - Malcolm Douglas Wilderness Park (probably long gone but I have no other information)


    Sphenodontidae:

    -Tuatara Sphenodon punctatus - Taronga Zoo (one female)


    Chelydridae:

    -Common Snapping Turtle Chelydra serpentina - Ballarat Wildlife Park (one animal)

    -Alligator Snapping Turtle Macrochelys temminckii - Australia Zoo, Australian Reptile Park, Ballarat Wildlife Park, Wild Cat Conservation Centre


    Emydidae:

    -Malayan Box Turtle Cuora amboinensis - Crocodylus Park

    -Chinese Three-striped Box Turtle Cuora trifasciata - Hartley's Crocodile Adventures, Melbourne Zoo, Taronga Zoo

    -Mississippi Map Turtle Graptemys pseudogeographica kohni - Melbourne Zoo (one female)

    -Spiny Terrapin Heosemys spinosa - Melbourne Zoo (one male)

    -Eastern River Cooter Pseudemys concinna concinna - Taronga Zoo

    -Painted Wood Turtle Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima - Melbourne Zoo (one male)

    -Carolina Box Turtle Terrapene carolina major - Ballarat Wildlife Park, Gorge Wildlife Park, Hartley's Crocodile Adventures, Melbourne Zoo, National Zoo

    -Three-toed Box Turtle Terrapene carolina triunguis - Perth Zoo (one animal)

    -Ornate Box Turtle Terrapene ornata - Taronga Zoo (one male)

    -Red-eared Slider Trachemys scripta elegans - Australia Zoo, Gorge Wildlife Park, Perth Zoo


    Testudinidae:

    -Aldabran Giant Tortoise Aldabrachelys gigantea - Adelaide Zoo, Australia Zoo, Ballarat Wildlife Park, Darling Downs Zoo, Gorge Wildlife Park, Melbourne Zoo, Shoalhaven Zoo, Taronga Zoo, Wild Cat Conservation Centre

    -Galapagos Giant Tortoise Chelonoidis nigra - Australian Reptile Park, Perth Zoo, Western Plains Zoo

    -Chaco Tortoise Chelonoidis chilensis - Taronga Zoo (one pair)

    -Yellow-footed Tortoise Chelonoidis denticulata - Ballarat Wildlife Park (one animal)

    -Star Tortoise Geochelone elegans - Australia Zoo, Australian Reptile Park, Ballarat Wildlife Park, Crocodylus Park, Halls Gap Zoo, Hartley's Crocodile Adventures, Melbourne Zoo, National Zoo, Serpentarium Tasmania, Symbio Wildlife Park, Taronga Zoo

    -Leopard Tortoise Stigmochelys pardalis - Australian Reptile Park, Crocodylus Park, Gorge Wildlife Park, Hunter Valley Zoo, Monarto Zoo, Shoalhaven Zoo (?), Werribee Zoo, Wild Cat Conservation Centre

    -Radiated Tortoise Astrochelys radiata - Adelaide Zoo, Darling Downs Zoo, Hartley's Crocodile Adventures, Mogo Zoo, Perth Zoo

    -African Spurred Tortoise Centrochelys sulcata - Adelaide Zoo (one female), Hunter Valley Zoo (one female)

    -Elongated Tortoise Indotestudo elongata - Adelaide Zoo, Australia Zoo, Crocodylus Park, Melbourne Zoo, Shoalhaven Zoo, Taronga Zoo

    -Bell’s Hinge-backed Tortoise Kinixys belliana - Perth Zoo, Werribee Open Range Zoo

    -Burmese Brown Tortoise Manouria emys - Ballarat Wildlife Park (four females)

    -Spur-thighed Tortoise Testudo graeca - Adelaide Zoo, Darling Downs Zoo, Western Plains Zoo

    -Hermann’s Tortoise Testudo hermanni - Adelaide Zoo, Gorge Wildlife Park, Melbourne Zoo

    -Horsfield’s Tortoise Agrionemys horsfieldii - Melbourne Zoo (one female)


    Chelidae:

    -Mata Mata Chelys fimbriata - Taronga Zoo (one animal)

    -Twist-necked Turtle Platemys platycephala - Melbourne Zoo (four males)


    Agamidae:

    -Philippine Sail-finned Water Dragon Hydrosaurus pustulatus - Australian Reptile Park, Hartley's Crocodile Adventures, Melbourne Zoo, Taronga Zoo


    Anguidae:

    -Scheltopusik Pseudopus apodus - Australian Reptile Park, Taronga Zoo


    Chamaeleonidae:

    -Veiled Chameleon Chamaeleo calyptratus - Australia Zoo, Australian Reptile Park, Hartley's Crocodile Adventures, Melbourne Zoo, Snakes Down Under, Symbio Wildlife Park, Taronga Zoo, Wild Cat Conservation Centre


    Gekkonidae:

    -Bavay’s Giant Gecko Eurydactylodes vieillardi - Australian Reptile Park

    -Tokay Gecko Gekko gecko - Melbourne Zoo, Perth Zoo

    -Madagascan Giant Day Gecko Phelsuma (madagascariensis) grandis - Australian Reptile Park, Hartley's Crocodile Adventures, Melbourne Zoo

    -Cuvier’s Caledonian Gecko Rhacodactylus leachianus - Australian Reptile Park, Taronga Zoo


    Helodermatidae:

    -Reticulated Gila Monster Heloderma suspectum - Adelaide Zoo, Australia Zoo, Australian Reptile Park, Ballarat Wildlife Park, Gorge Wildlife Park, Halls Gap Zoo, Hartley's Crocodile Adventures, Melbourne Zoo, Symbio Wildlife Park, Taronga Zoo


    Corytophanidae:

    -Double-crested Basilisk Basiliscus plumifrons - Taronga Zoo (one male)


    Iguanidae:

    -Fijian Banded Iguana Brachylophus bulabula - Australian Reptile Park, Taronga Zoo

    -Fijian Crested Iguana Brachylophus vitiensis - Australia Zoo, Australian Reptile Park, Gorge Wildlife Park, Hartley's Crocodile Adventures, Melbourne Zoo, National Zoo, Taronga Zoo

    -Rhinoceros Iguana Cyclura cornuta - Adelaide Zoo, Australia Zoo, Australian Reptile Park, Ballarat Wildlife Park, Canberra Reptile Zoo, Crocodylus Park, Darling Downs Zoo, D'Aguilar Wildlife, Hunter Valley Zoo, Melbourne Zoo, National Zoo, Taronga Zoo, Wildlife HQ

    -Common Iguana Iguana iguana - Australian Reptile Park, Cooberrie Park, Crocodylus Park, Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary, Darling Downs Zoo, Gorge Wildlife Park, Halls Gap Zoo, National Zoo, Shoalhaven Zoo, Taronga Zoo, Wildlife HQ


    Scincidae:

    -Solomon Islands Skink Corucia zebrata - Australian Reptile Park


    Teiidae:

    -Black Tegu Tupinambis teguixin - Australian Reptile Park (one animal)


    Varanidae:

    -Komodo Dragon Varanus komodoensis - Adelaide Zoo, Australia Zoo, Australian Reptile Park, Ballarat Wildlife Park, Hartley's Crocodile Adventures, Perth Zoo, Taronga Zoo


    Boidae:

    -Boa Constrictor Boa constrictor - Australia Zoo, Ballarat Wildlife Park, Billabong Koala and Wildlife Park, Billabong Sanctuary, Canberra Reptile Zoo, Cooberrie Park, Crocodylus Park, Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary, Darling Downs Zoo, D'Aguilar Wildlife, Gorge Wildlife Park, Halls Gap Zoo, Hartley's Crocodile Adventures, Mogo Zoo, National Zoo, Perth Zoo, Rockhampton Zoo, Serpentarium Tasmania, Shoalhaven Zoo, Symbio Wildlife Park, Taronga Zoo, Tasmania Zoo, Wild Cat Conservation Centre, Wildlife HQ

    -Dumeril’s Boa Acrantophis dumerili - Melbourne Zoo, Werribee Zoo

    -Solomon Islands Boa Candoia (carinata) paulsoni - Taronga Zoo (one female)

    -Amazon Tree Boa Corallus hortulanus - Adelaide Zoo

    -Rainbow Boa Epicrates cenchria - Melbourne Zoo (one female)

    -Kenyan Sand Boa Eryx colubrinus - Melbourne Zoo (two females)

    -Madagascar Tree Boa Sanzinia madagascariensis - Perth Zoo (one male)

    -Green Anaconda Eunectes murinus - Adelaide Zoo, Australia Zoo, Australian Reptile Park, Ballarat Wildlife Park, Crocodylus Park, National Zoo, Serpentarium Tasmania, Taronga Zoo

    -Yellow Anaconda Eunectes notaeus - Darling Downs Zoo (one female)


    Pythonidae:

    -Blood Python Python (curtus) brongersmai - Adelaide Zoo, Crocodylus Park, D'Aguilar Wildlife, Gorge Wildlife Park, Melbourne Zoo, National Zoo

    -Burmese Python Python molurus bivittatus - Australia Zoo, Australian Reptile Park, Ballarat Wildlife Park, Billabong Sanctuary, Canberra Reptile Zoo, Crocodylus Park, Darling Downs Zoo, Halls Gap Zoo, Hartley's Crocodile Adventures, Mogo Zoo, National Zoo, Perth Zoo, Serpentarium Tasmania, Shoalhaven Zoo, Symbio Wildlife Park, Wild Cat Conservation Centre, Wildlife HQ

    -Ball Python Python regius - Australian Reptile Park, Melbourne Zoo, Wild Cat Conservation Centre

    -Reticulated Python Python reticulatus - Australia Zoo, Australian Reptile Park, Ballarat Wildlife Park, Crocodylus Park, Darling Downs Zoo, Hartley's Crocodile Adventures, Melbourne Zoo, Mogo Zoo, National Zoo, Serpentarium Tasmania, Snakes Down Under, Taronga Zoo


    Colubridae:

    -Corn Snake Pantherophis guttatus - Adelaide Zoo, Australia Zoo, Australian Reptile Park, Billabong Sanctuary, Crocodylus Park, Gorge Wildlife Park, Hartley's Crocodile Adventures, Melbourne Zoo, National Zoo, Perth Zoo, Shoalhaven Zoo, Wildlife HQ

    -Taiwan Beauty Snake Orthriophis taeniurus - Melbourne Zoo (one male), National Zoo (one male)

    -California King Snake Lampropeltis getula californiae - Melbourne Zoo

    -Honduran Milk Snake Lampropeltis triangulum hondurensis - Melbourne Zoo

    -Pueblan Milk Snake Lampropeltis triangulum campbelli - Melbourne Zoo


    Elapidae:

    -Monocled Cobra Naja kaouthia - Ballarat Wildlife Park, Hartley's Crocodile Adventures, Taronga Zoo

    -Siamese Cobra Naja siamensis - Ballarat Wildlife Park

    -Mosambique Spitting Cobra Naja mossambica - Ballarat Wildlife Park (one male)

    -King Cobra Ophiophagus hannah - Australia Zoo, Australian Reptile Park


    Viperidae:

    -Cantil Agkistrodon bilineatus - Melbourne Zoo

    -Eyelash Viper Bothriechis schlegelii - Melbourne Zoo (one female), Taronga Zoo (one female)

    -Uracoan Rattlesnake Crotalus durissus vegrandis - Ballarat Wildlife Park

    -Western Diamondback Rattlesnake Crotalus atrox - Australian Reptile Park, Hartley's Crocodile Adventures

    -Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake Crotaus adamanteus - Australia Zoo, Ballarat Wildlife Park, Melbourne Zoo, Taronga Zoo

    -Aruba Island Rattlesnake Crotalus unicolor - Adelaide Zoo




    Species removed from the list since 2013:


    AMPHIBIANS:

    Salamandridae:

    -Japanese Fire-bellied Newt Cynops pyrrhogaster - Melbourne Zoo

    Ranidae:

    -African Bullfrog Pyxicephalus adspersus - Australian Reptile Park


    REPTILES:

    Emydidae:

    -Thick-necked Terrapin Siebenrockiella crassirostris - Perth Zoo

    Lacertidae:

    -Jewelled Lizard Timon (Lacerta) lepidus - Melbourne Zoo

    Boidae:

    -Emerald Tree Boa Corallus caninus - Melbourne Zoo

    Colubridae:

    -Mangrove Snake Boiga dendrophila - Adelaide Zoo, Australian Reptile Park

    -Western Rat Snake Pantherophis (Elaphe) obsoleta - Ballarat Wildlife Park

    -Grey-banded King Snake Lampropeltis alterna - Melbourne Zoo

    Elapidae:

    -Black-lipped Cobra Naja melanoleuca - Adelaide Zoo

    Viperidae:

    -Rock Rattlesnake Crotalus lepidus - Melbourne Zoo

    -Western Massasauga Sistrurus catenatus - Melbourne Zoo
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 13 Mar 2020
  2. Cooberrie Park

    Cooberrie Park Member

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    Cooberrie Park Wildlife Sanctuary also has Common Iguana's and Boa Constrictor's on display.
     
  3. MRJ

    MRJ Well-Known Member

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    Moonlit no longer has an Axolotl (finally got rid of it, no idea why we got it in the first place)
     
  4. Chlidonias

    Chlidonias Moderator Staff Member

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    some quick thoughts:

    *are you combining three-toed with Carolina box turtles? (I'm assuming yes, given your statement in opening paragraph)

    *assuming they still have it, there is a Madagascar tree boa at Perth Zoo (see post #35: http://www.zoochat.com/24/perth-zoo-news-2013-a-306307/index3.html)

    *are there still urutu in the country (Bothrops alternatus)? I remember them at Melbourne years ago.

    *you've italicised Radiated tortoise's common name by mistake ;)

    *I think in the final draft you should have the scientific names. I haven't for bird and mammal lists (although I will probably edit them at some point to include those names) but for herptiles I think it is more important -- e.g. is your Cuvier's Caledonian gecko the same as New Caledonian giant gecko?
     
  5. zooboy28

    zooboy28 Moderator Staff Member

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    Thanks Cooberrie Park and MRJ, will make amendments for those two parks.
     
  6. zooboy28

    zooboy28 Moderator Staff Member

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    -Yes, combined the Carolina and three-toed box turtles (will note this in final list).
    -Will add in Madagascar Tree Boa at Perth.
    -Can't find any mention of urutu in any census (back to 2006).
    -Will fix radiateds!
    -Can do scientific names in final list too.

    -Will also try and list species lost from collections since 2006, rhinoceros viper is one that I've noted.
    -There are a few species noted on the other herp list that I have no info on. Where were Nile crocodiles kept for example?
     
  7. Chlidonias

    Chlidonias Moderator Staff Member

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    which ones do you want to know about?

    Nile crocs are/were at the Broome Crocodile Park. Someone like Steve would know if they are still there.
     
  8. zooboy28

    zooboy28 Moderator Staff Member

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    According to this thread http://www.zoochat.com/24/nile-crocodiles-187152/ there were Nile Crocs in 2010, so I think I'll assume they still have them.

    Would like some info on the following species, which were on the old list but not the current, the first three are kept in NZ and probably privately in Australia, but are there any in any zoos?

    African Clawed Frog
    Jackson's Chameleon
    Leopard Gecko
    Hog-nosed Snake
     
  9. Hix

    Hix Wildlife Enthusiast and Lover of Islands Premium Member

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    Taronga had Leopard Geckos and Jackson's Chameleons until a few years ago. They also had a Rhinoceros Viper and before that a Gaboon Viper.

    :p

    Hix
     
  10. Chlidonias

    Chlidonias Moderator Staff Member

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    you should have a look through the Australian zoo list for reptile collections and then have a look at their websites. You might find some extra species.

    This for example isn't on your list: http://www.zoochat.com/86/mexican-cantil-134507/ (Bredls has closed though, so I don't know what happened to the reptiles).
     
  11. Chlidonias

    Chlidonias Moderator Staff Member

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    *there are lab colonies of clawed frogs except in Western Australia (completely banned there). I guess they would be found in zoos here and there -- I must have seen them somewhere to have put them on my list.

    *Jackson's chameleons used to be at (at least) Melbourne, Taronga and Cairns. They should still be around somewhere.

    *Leopard geckoes....I don't know but should still be in some zoos. They aren't hard to breed, but I don't know the history of Australian zoo ones. Might have just been a couple of confiscated ones?

    *I have no clue on the hog-nosed snake! I put it on the list so I must have seen it written somewhere but I can't find anything by googling.
     
  12. Hix

    Hix Wildlife Enthusiast and Lover of Islands Premium Member

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    I've not heard of hog-nosed snakes ever being in Australia. But Taronga used to have Cantils too. One of them tagged several of the reptile keepers back then.

    :p

    Hix
     
  13. Chlidonias

    Chlidonias Moderator Staff Member

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    Taronga gets some ferocious man-hating reptiles doesn't it, what with that cantil and the bitey giant gecko....
     
  14. Hix

    Hix Wildlife Enthusiast and Lover of Islands Premium Member

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    And the attack Rhino Iguana. He's a terror for anyone walking into his exhibit.

    :p

    Hix
     
  15. tetrapod

    tetrapod Well-Known Member

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    I'm sure there must be a few species missing from the list. Rhino vipers and Gaboon vipers have both been regularly kept, and I understand that they are probably in private hands too. Also Aust Reptile Park held Boelen's pythons off-display (post fire), so I wonder whether there are a larger list not mentioned because they aren't on public display.

    Is there any obvious reason why exotics aren't kept in higher numbers/more zoos? I'm not thinking so much of the potential problem species (although they are already established in captivity) but more the ones which are kept by only one institution. Obviously privately individuals are not allowed to keep exotics, and this has probably had a limiting factor when one looks at how big the private herp market is in Europe and America. Also native species are a good analogue for some species but definitely not all (ie. chamaeleons, salamanders, large vipers, poison-arrow frogs). From the above list there are a number of very charismatic species that are limited to a few zoos yet would easily fit into the display requirements of many others. Any suggestions as to why? Is there are niche for a more exotic-focused reptile collection?
     
  16. Jabiru96

    Jabiru96 Well-Known Member

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    Does anyone know the origins of Australia Zoo's komodo dragons?
     
  17. Sunbear12

    Sunbear12 Well-Known Member

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    Just so happens that I was watching an episode of crocodile hunter diaries in which they showed Australia Zoo recieving their komodos. They appear to have come from Wyndham Zoo and crocodile park which it said was in the East Kimberelys. Hope that helps Jabiru.
     
  18. Jabiru96

    Jabiru96 Well-Known Member

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    Thanks. Do you know around when this episode was filmed?'

    EDIT: It has been mentioned in this thread as well: http://www.zoochat.com/24/komodo-dragon-79968/
     
  19. Lyrebird

    Lyrebird Well-Known Member

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    I always thought they were from the 'Pearl Coast Zoo' near Broome after it closed, or is it the same facility as the Wyndham zoo?
     
  20. Sunbear12

    Sunbear12 Well-Known Member

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    I don't know exactly when the episode was from but in another episode of the series they showed the grave of the late John Aspinsll who died in 2000 and it featured a young Bindi so I would say 2000 or 2001.