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History of Orangutan in Australasian Zoos

Discussion in 'Australia' started by Zoofan15, 29 Jul 2022.

  1. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    Introduction

    I thought it’d be interesting to have the histories of Australasia’s great apes recorded in one concise place - starting with orangutan.

    I have partial notes on Auckland, Perth and Taronga Zoo which I will revise to include a complete history; and will also be detailing Adelaide, Melbourne, Wellington, Mogo and Sydney’s orangutans. The latter three facilities will be combined in a single post given they have held six orangutans between them.

    Index:

    1. Auckland Zoo
    2. Adelaide Zoo
    3. Perth Zoo
    4. Wellington, Mogo and Sydney
    5. Melbourne Zoo
    6. Taronga Zoo
    Ssgssgsg
     
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  2. Jambo

    Jambo Well-Known Member

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    I have a list for Melbourne if your interested? It's not fully complete as I was planning to do a similar thread but at least it'll help as a start for you.
     
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  3. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    Location:
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    Auckland Zoo (Complete History)

    ——————————————————

    1920’s to 1940’s

    1.1 were imported in 1924:

    1.0 Unnamed (Bornean)
    Born in the wild (Borneo) Unknown
    Arrived at Auckland Zoo 00/12/1924
    Died at Auckland Zoo 00/01/1925

    0.1 Unnamed (Bornean)
    Born in the wild (Borneo) Unknown
    Arrived at Auckland Zoo 00/12/1924
    Died at Auckland Zoo 00/06/1927

    1.0 was imported in 1926:

    1.0 Unnamed (Unknown)
    Born in the wild (Unknown) Unknown
    Arrived at Auckland Zoo 20/01/1926
    Died at Auckland Zoo 00/06/1928

    0.1 was imported in 1939:

    0.1 Ginger Rodgers (Sumatran)
    Born in the wild (Sumatra) Unknown
    Arrived at Auckland Zoo 00/00/1939
    Died at Auckland Zoo 00/06/1943

    ——————————————————

    1950’s to 1970’s

    1.1 were imported from Taronga Zoo:

    1.0 Turvey (Sumatran)
    Born in the wild (Sumatra) 00/00/1954
    Arrived at Auckland Zoo 11/09/1956 (via Taronga Zoo)
    Died at Auckland Zoo 16/06/1971

    0.1 Topsy (Sumatran)
    Born in the wild (Sumatra) 00/00/1954
    Arrived at Auckland Zoo 11/09/1956 (via Taronga Zoo)
    Died at Auckland Zoo 09/11/1968

    Topsy gave birth to one infant at Auckland Zoo:

    0.0.1 Unnamed (Sumatran)
    Stillborn at Auckland Zoo 29/05/1967
    Sire: Turvey

    ——————————————————

    1980’s to 1990’s

    1.3 were imported in 1983:

    0.1 Dara (Bornean)
    Born at Frankfurt Zoo 16/06/1977
    Arrived at Auckland Zoo 19/08/1983
    Died at Auckland Zoo 25/06/2000

    1.0 Horst (Bornean)
    Born at Frankfurt Zoo 31/01/1978
    Arrived at Auckland Zoo 19/08/1983
    Sent to Busch Gardens 26/07/200

    0.1 Indra (Bornean)
    Born at Rotterdam Zoo 07/09/1980
    Arrived at Auckland Zoo 19/08/1983
    Sent to Busch Gardens 26/07/2009

    1.0 was imported in 1984:

    1.0 Charlie (Bornean)
    Born at Singapore Zoo 21/03/1981
    Arrived at Auckland Zoo 20/03/1984

    Indra gave birth to two infants at Auckland Zoo:

    0.1 Intan (Bornean)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 17/03/1989
    Sent to Busch Gardens 26/07/2009
    Sire: Horst

    1.0 Isim (Bornean)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 15/06/1994
    Sent to Los Angeles Zoo 12/11/2015
    Sire: Horst

    Dara gave birth to two infants at Auckland Zoo:

    1.0 Datuk (Bornean)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 18/05/1989
    Sent to Taronga Zoo 13/12/1996
    Sire: Horst

    0.1 Darli (Bornean)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 22/06/2000
    Died at Auckland Zoo 24/06/2000
    Sire: Charlie

    ——————————————————

    2000’s to Present

    0.3 were imported in 2001:

    0.1 Wanita (Hybrid)
    Born at Taronga Zoo 23/03/1979
    Arrived at Auckland Zoo 06/03/2001
    Died at Auckland Zoo 07/03/2022

    0.1 Melur (Bornean)
    Born at Hong Kong Zoo 11/06/1988
    Arrived at Auckland Zoo 07/03/2001 (via Taronga Zoo)
    Still at Auckland Zoo

    0.1 Gangsa (Bornean)
    Born at Hong Kong Zoo 31/12/1989
    Arrived at Auckland Zoo 07/03/2001
    Sent to Los Angeles Zoo 12/11/2015

    Melur has given birth to three infants at Auckland Zoo:

    0.1 Unnamed (Bornean)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 08/08/2002
    Died at Auckland Zoo 08/08/2002
    Sire: Unknown

    1.0 Madju (Bornean)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 09/11/2005
    Sent to Busch Gardens 12/11/2015
    Sire: Charlie

    1.0 Bahmi (Bornean)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 20/03/2022
    Still at Auckland Zoo
    Sire: Charlie

    ——————————————————
     
  4. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    Thank you for the offer, but Melbourne has only held 15 orangutans according to the studbook, so it won’t take long for me to type it up. :)

    Taronga will be the mission so if you or anyone else has the wild imports written down somewhere (I already have all Taronga bred orangutans from 1957-1987), feel free to PM them to me (I want to keep this thread as concise as possible); but no worries if not as I can easily pull this up myself.
     
  5. Jambo

    Jambo Well-Known Member

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    Cheers, just thought i'd help anyway I can as I do have a lot of records on the regions orangutans (and other great apes), although I haven't sorted it in any way.

    I'll see what I have re. Taronga. I think I did do some sort of family tree a while back, so should have info on the wildborn parents of the Taronga bred offspring.
     
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  6. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    Additional Notes on Auckland Zoo’s Orangutans

    1920’s:

    The orangutans held at the zoo in the 1920’s were unnamed. This wasn’t an uncommon practice for Auckland Zoo during this era with only a handful of species being given names - elephants, hippopotamus etc.

    1980’s-2000’s:

    The four Bornean orangutans imported in 1983-1984 were initially held in a group of four. The males were seperated in the late 1980’s, as Horst entered adolescence and became aggressive to Charlie. From this point on, the males rotated access to the female and offspring group on a fortnightly basis.

    Dara and Horst were half siblings via a shared father. Horst sired the first three infants (two to Indra; one to Dara); but the keepers took care to ensure Dara’s second infant was sired by Charlie to avoid further inbreeding. Unfortunately this infant died at two days of age, with Dara passing away the next day from Septicaemia.

    2000’s-2010’s:

    The three females from Sydney in 2001 were a welcome addition to the colony. They gave Indra a welcome reprieve from the attentions of the males and seven year old Isim enjoyed the company of the young females, Melur and Gangsa.

    By 2005, the zoo had two adult males, five adult females, an adolescent male and an infant on the way. The transfer of the chimpanzees to Hamilton Zoo gave them a chance to split the colony with Horst, Indra and Intan moving across to their exhibit; and Charlie and Isim rotating use of the main exhibit.

    In the mid 2000’s, Auckland Zoo decided to phase out Bornean orangutan to focus on Sumatrans (which are critically endangered). This led to the export of 1.2 in 2009 (Horst, Indra and Intan).

    Following the birth of Madju in 2005, Charlie was housed with Melur and Gangsa; and Isim was housed with Wanita. Fighting between the females resulted in the permanent groupings of Charlie, Wanita, Melur and Madju; and Isim and Gangsa being established. The latter took up residency in the second exhibit and were exported to the US in 2015, along with Madju. This reduced the colony to 1.2: Charlie, Wanita and Melur.

    2010’s to Present:

    The orangutans were loaned to Orana Wildlife Park in 2017, while a new exhibit was built for them. Since returning, the decision to phase out Borneans has been reversed (as they’re now critically endangered). Wanita passed away in March 2022; and Charlie and Melur produced a male infant the same month named Bahmi.
     
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  7. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    Adelaide Zoo - Complete History

    ——————————————————

    1940’s to 1950’s:

    1.0 was imported in 1949:

    1.0 Mias (Sumatran)
    Born in the wild (Sumatra) 00/00/1937
    Arrived at Adelaide Zoo 15/01/1940
    Died at Adelaide Zoo 22/02/1954

    1.1 were imported in 1950:

    1.0 George II (Bornean)
    Born in the wild (Borneo) 00/00/1949
    Arrived at Adelaide Zoo 08/02/1950 (via Taronga Zoo)
    Died at Adelaide Zoo 20/08/1976

    0.1 Martha II (Bornean)
    Born in the wild (Borneo) 00/00/1949
    Arrived at Adelaide Zoo 08/02/1950 (via Taronga Zoo)
    Died at Adelaide 01/10/1950

    ——————————————————

    1970’s to 1980’s:

    1.1 were imported in 1977:

    1.0 Barut (Hybrid)
    Born at Artis Zoo 04/11/1974
    Arrived at Adelaide Zoo 31/05/1977 (via Rotterdam Zoo)
    Died at Adelaide Zoo 19/08/1978

    0.1 Chantek (Sumatran)
    Born at Rotterdam Zoo 23/12/1974
    Arrived at Adelaide Zoo 31/05/1977
    Died at Adelaide Zoo 07/04/1987

    0.1 was received in 1978:

    0.1 Puspa (Sumatran)
    Born at Perth Zoo 30/01/1975
    Arrived at Adelaide Zoo 21/12/1978
    Sent to Perth Zoo 02/12/1981
    Arrived at Adelaide Zoo 13/01/2011
    Still at Adelaide Zoo

    2.0 were imported in 1979:

    1.0 Caesar (Bornean)
    Born at Artis Zoo 25/03/1972
    Arrived at Adelaide Zoo 24/03/1979
    Sent to Zoo Negara 14/05/1986

    1.0 Bulu (Hybrid)
    Born at Rotterdam Zoo 20/06/1977
    Arrived at Adelaide Zoo 16/06/1979
    Sent to the National Zoo Sri Lanka 21/07/1983

    0.1 was imported in 1981:

    0.1 Nora (Bornean)
    Born in the wild (Borneo) 00/00/1973
    Arrived at Adelaide Zoo 28/09/1981 (via Jakarta Zoo)
    Sent to Zoo Negara 13/05/1986

    1.0 was received in 1982:

    1.0 Puntjak (Sumatran)
    Born at Perth Zoo 24/03/1972
    Arrived at Adelaide Zoo 03/08/1982
    Died at Adelaide Zoo 01/12/1999

    0.2 were imported in 1988:

    0.1 Kiki (Sumatran)
    Born in the wild (Sumatra) 00/00/1959
    Arrived at Adelaide Zoo 20/01/1988 (via Stuggart Zoo)
    Died at Adelaide Zoo 04/10/1990

    0.1 Susi (Sumatran)
    Born at Munich Zoo 18/02/1969
    Arrived at Adelaide Zoo 01/08/1988
    Died at Adelaide Zoo 26/09/1990

    Nora gave birth to one infant at Adelaide Zoo:

    1.0 Unnamed (Bornean)
    Born at Adelaide Zoo 16/04/1982
    Died at Adelaide Zoo 16/04/1982
    Sire: Caesar

    Chantek gave birth to two infants at Adelaide Zoo:

    1.0 Unnamed (Sumatran)
    Stillborn at Adelaide Zoo 01/02/1984
    Sire: Puntjak

    0.1 Indah (Sumatran)
    Born at Adelaide Zoo 23/07/1986
    Sent to San Diego Zoo 21/10/1992
    Sire: Puntjak

    ——————————————————

    1990’s to Present:

    0.1 was imported in 1992:

    0.1 Karta (Sumatran)
    Born at San Diego Zoo 22/07/1982
    Arrived at Adelaide Zoo 20/11/1992
    Sent to Perth Zoo 11/11/1997
    Arrived at Adelaide Zoo 24/06/1998
    Died at Adelaide Zoo 26/01/2017

    1.0 was imported in 2000:

    1.0 Pusung (Sumatran)
    Born at Perth Zoo 25/02/1978
    Arrived at Adelaide Zoo 11/10/2000 (via Singapore Zoo)
    Died at Adelaide Zoo 15/04/2009

    1.0 was received in 2007:

    1.0 Kluet (Sumatran)
    Born at Jersey Zoo 18/07/1995
    Arrived at Adelaide Zoo 08/05/2007 (via Taronga Zoo)
    Still at Adelaide Zoo

    Karta gave birth to seven infants at Adelaide Zoo:

    1.0 Unnamed (Sumatran)
    Born at Adelaide Zoo 03/08/1995
    Died at Adelaide Zoo 07/08/1995
    Sire: Puntjak

    0.1 Unnamed (Sumatran)
    Born at Adelaide Zoo 27/04/1997
    Died at Adelaide Zoo 27/04/1997
    Sire: Puntjak

    0.1 Unnamed (Sumatran)
    Born at Adelaide Zoo 04/05/2003
    Died at Adelaide Zoo 05/05/2003
    Sire: Pusung

    0.1 Unnamed (Sumatran)
    Born at Adelaide Zoo 11/05/2011
    Died at Adelaide Zoo 14/05/2011
    Sire: Kluet

    0.1 Unnamed (Sumatran)
    Stillborn at Adelaide Zoo 08/01/2013
    Sire: Kluet

    0.1 Unnamed (Sumatran)
    Stillborn at Adelaide Zoo 27/11/2014
    Sire: Kluet

    1.0 Unnamed (Sumatran)
    Stillborn at Adelaide Zoo 26/01/2027
    Sire: Kluet

    ——————————————————
     
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  8. Pertinax

    Pertinax Well-Known Member

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    Do you know if there was an underlying reason why Karta failed with all her infants like this? I remember hearing about her continually losing infants but never knew why.
     
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  9. marmolady

    marmolady Well-Known Member

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    Yes, it was because she had anatomically small nipples that meant that even though the infants appeared to nurse, they weren't properly fed. Her last infants were stillborn, but a cooperative feeding regime was ready to be put in place. Karta's sister in Denver, Nias, had the same problem.

    I believe Karta's 2011 infant was given the name 'Sayang' by keepers.
     
    Last edited: 5 Aug 2022
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  10. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    Yes, she had an anatomical issue with her nipples, which meant she was unable to feed her infants. This was only discovered following the birth of her fifth infant in 2011, which was discovered in the post mortem to have no milk in its stomach.

    Her last three infants were sadly stillborn. Her cause of death was placental detachment issues.