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Non-Crane Gruiformes in North American Zoos

Discussion in 'North America - General' started by birdsandbats, 14 Feb 2019.

  1. birdsandbats

    birdsandbats Well-Known Member

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    Here I have attempted to make a complete list of Non-Crane Gruiformes present in American and Canadian collections. Cranes are already covered in a different thread by @Great Argus. Only information 2017 or newer was used. Information on missing holders or species, as well as information on subspecies or populations is welcomed.

    I suspect the reason this list appears so small isn't the lack of these species in captivity, but rather the lack of publicity about these species. Zoos don't really advertise these species (with a certain exception from Guam), and they really don't seem that popular of animals to photograph on ZooChat, either. We shall see if my hypothesis is correct.

    Gray-Winged Trumpeter (6 holders)
    Bronx Zoo
    Caldwell Zoo
    Dallas World Aquarium
    Minnesota Zoo
    National Aviary
    Sylvan Heights Bird Park

    Guam Rail (9 holders)
    Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden
    Guam Zoo
    Lincoln Park Zoo
    National Aviary
    Philadelphia Zoo
    Racine Zoo
    San Antonio Zoo
    Sedgwick County Zoo
    Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute

    Buff-Banded Rail (1 holder)
    Central Park Zoo

    Ridgeway's Rail (1 holder)
    Living Coast Discovery Center (levipes)

    Gray-Necked Wood Rail (4 holders)
    Bronx Zoo
    Henry Vilas Zoo
    Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
    Toronto Zoo

    Giant Wood Rail (3 holders)
    Assiniboine Park Zoo
    Dallas World Aquarium
    Special Memories Zoo

    Sora (2 holders)
    Buttonwood Park Zoo
    Columbus Zoo & Aquarium

    Gray-Headed Swamphen (2 holders)
    Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
    Wildlife World Zoo & Aquarium

    Allen's Gallinule (2 holders)
    Oregon Zoo
    Philadelphia Zoo

    Purple Gallinule (2 holders)
    Audubon Zoo
    Toronto Zoo

    Common Gallinule (4 holders)
    Gladys Porter Zoo
    Milwaukee County Zoo
    Patricia and Phillip Frost Museum of Science
    Saint Louis Zoo

    American Coot (1 holder)
    Bay Beach Wildlife Sanctuary
     
  2. Hyak_II

    Hyak_II Well-Known Member

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    Honolulu and Houston both have grey winged trumpeter

    Zoo Tampa has Grey Headed Swamphen

    Zoo Miami has Buff Banded Rail

    Pinola Conservancy has African Jacana, Common Gallinule, African Crake, Allen's Gallinule, and Black Crake

    Toronto and Disneys Animal Kingdom have Black Crake

    Dallas World Aquarium has Wattled Jacana

    Houston has African Jacana

    A TON of zoo's have sunbittern, including Toronto, Assiniboine Park, Montreal Biodome, San Diego, Fort Worth, Miami, Discovery Cove, Houston, Bronx, San Antonio and many others.
     
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  3. birdsandbats

    birdsandbats Well-Known Member

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    Jacanas and Sunbitterns aren't Gruiformes, and therefore do not fin under this thread.
     
  4. Hyak_II

    Hyak_II Well-Known Member

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    Rip, the Jacanas are my bad, however in my defense, Sunbittern are managed under the gruiforme tag and have been considered gruiformes in the past, so I'll just excuse myself on that one :p
     
  5. ThylacineAlive

    ThylacineAlive Well-Known Member

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    Central Park does not have Buff-Banded Rail unless it is a very new addition.

    Grey-Winged Trumpeter: Emerald Forest Bird Gardens, Houston Zoo
    Grey-Necked Wood-Rail: Santa Ana Zoo, Tracy Aviary
    Giant Wood-Rail: Bronx Zoo
    American Coot: California Living Museum
    Allen's Gallinule: San Antonio Zoo
    Black Crake: Bronx Zoo

    ~Thylo
     
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  6. drill

    drill Well-Known Member

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    Mill Mountrain Zoo has buff-banded rail.
     
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  7. Great Argus

    Great Argus Well-Known Member

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    San Diego has Black Crake, and they hold Guam Rail off-exhibit. I saw lots of Common Gallinule at the SDZ Safari Park, but I believe they were all wild so I don't think they count. Interestingly enough I don't remember hardly any small Gruiformes from those two zoos, despite their large bird collections.

    Oregon Zoo may have had Black Crake I think, not sure if they still do.

    Woodland Park has Gray-winged Trumpeter.

    I remember Fresno Chaffee Zoo having Gray-necked Wood-Rails, as well as Guam Rail on exhibit 5-6 years ago. @ChaffeeZooFan might be able to confirm whether these species are still held?
     
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  8. Great Argus

    Great Argus Well-Known Member

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    Where did you find Oregon Zoo as a holder for Allen's Gallinule? It's not listed on their site and a Zoochat search didn't turn it up. I'm not aware the zoo has ever held the species, although I don't follow them super closely.
     
  9. Coelacanth18

    Coelacanth18 Well-Known Member Premium Member

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    Saint Louis Zoo held Gray-winged Trumpeter some number of years ago and are still listed on their website, but I haven't been there recently so I don't know if that's still the case.
     
  10. jayjds2

    jayjds2 Well-Known Member

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    There were several on exhibit last month.
     
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  11. birdsandbats

    birdsandbats Well-Known Member

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    They were listed here:

    Oregon Zoo - Oregon Zoo Complete Species List
     
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  12. birdsandbats

    birdsandbats Well-Known Member

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    Update:

    Gray-Winged Trumpeter (11 holders)
    Bronx Zoo
    Caldwell Zoo
    Dallas World Aquarium
    Emerald Forest Bird Gardens
    Honolulu Zoo
    Houston Zoo
    Minnesota Zoo
    National Aviary
    Saint Louis Zoo
    Sylvan Heights Bird Park
    Woodland Park Zoo

    Guam Rail (10 holders)
    Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden
    Guam Zoo
    Lincoln Park Zoo
    National Aviary
    Philadelphia Zoo
    Racine Zoo
    San Antonio Zoo
    San Diego Zoo
    Sedgwick County Zoo
    Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute

    Buff-Banded Rail (2 holders)
    Mill Mountain Zoo
    Zoo Miami

    Ridgeway's Rail (1 holder)
    Living Coast Discovery Center (levipes)

    African Crake (1 holder)
    Pinola Conservancy

    Gray-Necked Wood Rail (6 holders)
    Bronx Zoo
    Henry Vilas Zoo
    Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
    Santa Ana Zoo
    Toronto Zoo
    Tracy Aviary

    Giant Wood Rail (4 holders)
    Assiniboine Park Zoo
    Bronx Zoo
    Dallas World Aquarium
    Special Memories Zoo

    Black Crake (6 holders)
    Bronx Zoo
    Disney's Animal Kingdom® Park
    Oregon Zoo
    Pinola Conservancy
    San Diego Zoo
    Toronto Zoo

    Sora (2 holders)
    Buttonwood Park Zoo
    Columbus Zoo & Aquarium

    Gray-Headed Swamphen (3 holders)
    Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
    Wildlife World Zoo & Aquarium
    ZooTampa at Lowry Park

    Allen's Gallinule (4 holders)
    Oregon Zoo
    Philadelphia Zoo
    Pinola Conservancy
    San Antonio Zoo

    Purple Gallinule (2 holders)
    Audubon Zoo
    Toronto Zoo

    Common Gallinule (5 holders)
    Gladys Porter Zoo
    Milwaukee County Zoo
    Patricia and Phillip Frost Museum of Science
    Pinola Conservancy
    Saint Louis Zoo

    American Coot (2 holders)
    Bay Beach Wildlife Sanctuary
    California Living Museum
     
  13. Ituri

    Ituri Well-Known Member

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    Sedgwick and Memphis both have Black Crake as well.
     
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  14. drill

    drill Well-Known Member

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    also Toledo and Cape May
     
  15. Kakapo

    Kakapo Well-Known Member

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    Only trumpeters and rails?????? I'm fairly sure that many American zoos have seriemas, bustards, sunbitterns and kagu, maybe some even have buttonquails. Really none zoo have these other families of the Gruiformes order??
     
  16. birdsandbats

    birdsandbats Well-Known Member

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    All of those are present in North American collections, but no longer placed in Gruiformes.

    I have plans for how to handle those other groups.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: 16 Feb 2019
  17. Great Argus

    Great Argus Well-Known Member

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    Those groups have all been moved out of Gruiformes in the new taxonomy sequence. Buttonquails are placed under Charadriidae, and the seriemas, bustards, and sunbittern/kagu now each have their own order.
     
  18. Chlidonias

    Chlidonias Moderator Staff Member

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    These families were formerly included in Gruiformes, but now they are not because they have been shown (in most cases, conclusively) to be related to other groups.

    We have left these last few posts here in case other people do wonder why certain families are not being included, but all other posts in the "debate" have been moved to the "taxonomy" thread.
    Taxonomy Discussion Thread
     
    Last edited: 16 Feb 2019
  19. Rayane

    Rayane Well-Known Member

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    Saw at least one Sora in Philadelphia zoo a week ago
     
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  20. ThylacineAlive

    ThylacineAlive Well-Known Member

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    Where was it? Are you sure it wasn't their Guam Rail?

    ~Thylo