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Rarest animals to be seen in zoos or aquaria?

Discussion in 'General Zoo Discussion' started by Jurek7, 26 Nov 2016.

  1. Jurek7

    Jurek7 Well-Known Member

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    I am trying to put a list of rarest animals which can be seen in zoos of aquaria anywhere. Who can help me to complete it? ;)

    Rarest on Earth:

    - Northern white rhino - 5 (are they still in zoos?)

    Rarest in zoos:
    In only 1 collection:

    In only 2 collections:

    - Asian desert cat (Xining and Beijing?)
    - Iberian Lynx (Madrid, Jerez)

    In only 3 collections:

    Rarest outside countries in their home range:
    In only 1 collection:

    In only 2 collections:

    In only 3 collections:

    Extinct in the wild:
     
  2. TeaLovingDave

    TeaLovingDave Moderator Staff Member

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    Both of the last surviving captive individuals died within the last 18 months; as such there are only three left on the planet, all geriatric.

    Sad thing is, these used to breed like rabbits at the two Aspinall collections until they suddenly stopped - rumour has it, as a result of Damien Aspinall mandating the population be wound down - and I saw the taxon at both Port Lympne and Howletts prior to the last survivors dying of old age.

    Also kept at Lisbon Zoo and Selwo Aventura.
     
  3. Zygodactyl

    Zygodactyl Well-Known Member

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    Here are a few species that might fit, best as I can tell. Though the ones at three likely have at least one zoo I missed.

    Note that your criteria would seem to excluded animals such as the New Zealand pigeon which are kept in more than three zoos in their home range, yet still aren't common in home-range zoos.

    Also, there's very likely a lot of unique animals in Tsimbazaza, but the website is poorly-designed and only in French, so I can't determine whether they have specific species not held elsewhere. And of course several endangered Japanese species might be held in zoos in Japan, but I didn't even attempt that (at least I can sort of read French).

    One zoo:
    New Zealand lesser short-tailed bat (Auckland Zoo)
    Stitchbird (Mt. Bruce)
    Kokako (Mt. Bruce)
    Rifleman (Mt. Bruce)
    North Island Saddleback (Auckland Zoo)

    Two zoos:
    Numbat (Perth Zoo, Healesville Sanctuary)
    Mountain pygmy possum (Australian Reptile Park, Healesville Sanctuary)

    Three zoos:

    Blue duck (Auckland and Hamilton Zoos, Mt. Bruce)

    One zoo outside home range:
    North Island kaka (Wilhelma)
    Pitta-like ground roller (Zurich)
    Cloven-feathered dove (Walsrode)
    Fiery-billed aracari (Dallas World Aquarium)
    Brown-throated three-toed sloth (Dallas World Aquarium)
    Tasmanian devil (Copenhagen)

    Two zoos outside home range:
    Fanaloka (Rare Species Conservation Center, Capital of Texas Zoo)

    Three zoos outside home range:

    Capuchinbird (Cincinnati and San Diego Zoos, Dallas World Aquarium)
     
  4. TeaLovingDave

    TeaLovingDave Moderator Staff Member

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    Rather more than that; the species is also held in four European collections - Walsrode, Zlin, Sant Alessio and Parc des Oiseaux.
     
  5. Zygodactyl

    Zygodactyl Well-Known Member

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    I couldn't find it in a search for "capuchinbird" on Zootierliste, so I assumed no European zoos had it.
     
  6. TeaLovingDave

    TeaLovingDave Moderator Staff Member

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    Yeah, its listed under the alternative name of Calfbird :)
     
  7. Zygodactyl

    Zygodactyl Well-Known Member

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    Ahh, thanks. Don't they usually list alternative common names?
     
  8. jayjds2

    jayjds2 Well-Known Member

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    Nope! Also Bronx and I believe Walsrode. Edit: I see TLD posted more for Europe.

    Overall:
    One collection:
    Black and white hawk eagle (DWA)
    Versicolored barbet (DWA)
    Serengeti topi (behind the scenes at San Antonio- hopefully changing soon!)
    Spectral tarsier (Ueno Zoo)
    Royal antelope? (SDZ)
    Capuchin babbler (SDZ)
    Guatemalan mantled howler monkey (Gladys Porter Zoo)

    Two collections:
    Southern steenbok (San Diego Zoo Safari Park, Disney's Animal Kingdom)
    Papuan mountain pigeon (SDZ, Louisville Zoo)
    Puna flamingo (Slimbridge WWT, Berlin Zoo?)
    Andean flamingo (Slimbridge, Berlin)
    Red uakari (Los Angeles Zoo, one in South America)

    Three collections:
    Squatter pigeon (Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary, Melbourne Zoo, San Diego Zoo)
    Eastern lesser grey bamboo lemur (Duke Lemur Center, Cincinatti Zoo, Ueno Zoo)
    Emperor penguin (SeaWorld San Diego, two aquariums in Japan?)
    Mountain tapir (Cali Zoo, Los Angeles Zoo, Cheyenne Mountain Zoo?)

    Outside of home range:

    One collection:
    Jabiru (Dallas World Aquarium)
    Guianan crested eagle (DWA)
    Black hawk eagle (DWA)
    Squatter pigeon (SDZ)
    Saffron toucanet (DWA)
    Resplendent quetzal (DWA)
    Crested quetzal (DWA)
    Curl-crested jay (DWA)
    Many-banded aracari (DWA)
    Brown-throated three toed sloth (DWA)
    Hosmer's skink? (Philadelphia)
    West African bushbuck (Gladys Porter Zoo)
    Spectacled flying fox (Lubee Bat Conservancy)
    Calamian hog deer (any in Europe? LA Zoo)

    Two collections:
    Ivory billed aracari (DWA, Philadelphia)
    Black-necked stork (San Antonio, Miami- unless some I don't know about are in Europe)
    Florida manatee (Cincinatti, Columbus)
    Red-backed bearded saki monkey (Omaha, DWA)

    Three collections:
    Maguari stork? I don't know if any are in Europe (San Antonio Zoo, Audubon, behind the scenes at another)
    Ornate hawk-eagle (SDZ, DWA, behind the scenes at another)
    Brolga (International Crane Foundation, Whipsnade, Olmense)
    Collared lory (SDZ, Zoo Parc de Beauval, The Tisch Family Zoo)
    Maleo (SDZ, Bronx, Tulsa)

    Extinct in the Wild:
    Kihansi spray toad (Bronx, Toledo, Omaha, Chattanooga, Detroit)

    That's all I can think of off the top of my head. Any corrections or reaffirmations (especially where I put question marks) are welcome!
     
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  9. Hyak_II

    Hyak_II Well-Known Member

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  10. Zygodactyl

    Zygodactyl Well-Known Member

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    I think that Florida (and in fact all the coastal states between Louisiana and Virginia) count as being in the Florida manatee's "home range," even if some--like Orlando--aren't super-close to the sea.
     
  11. jayjds2

    jayjds2 Well-Known Member

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    @Hyak_II: thanks for your comments, I was unsure about overseas collections.

    Also, San Diego doesn't have ivory billed aracari (hasn't for a while).

    Zygodactyl explained my reasoning for the Florida manatee well:

     
    Last edited: 1 Dec 2016
  12. Hyak_II

    Hyak_II Well-Known Member

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    Nadda Prablam!

    Also I figured about the Aracari, I saw one when I was there in 2013, however when I was there 2 weeks ago I did not see it or any signage, but figured it might have just been moved off exhibit.

    And that is pretty solid reasoning. My reasoning is very similar. Simply put, the only Manatee subspecies in North America is the Floridian. All Manatees in zoological collections in NA (with the exception of DWA) are rescued or captive born animals originating from the NA population. As such, they all HAVE to be of the Floridian sub-species, as its the only one we've got, lol.
     
  13. Chlidonias

    Chlidonias Moderator Staff Member

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    Mt Bruce don't keep riflemen; there are several more than three collections with blue duck; and there are several more collections outside Australia with devils than Copenhagen.
     
  14. Chlidonias

    Chlidonias Moderator Staff Member

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    there are spectral tarsiers in some other zoos in southeast Asia; squatter pigeons at other Australian collections than the two you mention; and several brolgas at four zoos in NZ.
     
  15. TeaLovingDave

    TeaLovingDave Moderator Staff Member

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    Also Walsrode, Koln and Zoo Parc de Beauval.

    Also Walsrode and Loro Parque.

    Also Port Lympne.

    Also Walsrode.

    Also Gothenburg Universeum.

    Also Paris Vincennes, Belfast and Colchester.

    Also Walsrode, Magdeburg, Vogelpark Irgenöd, Vogelpark Niendorf, Zlin, Doue la Fontaine, Zoo de La Boissière-du-Doré, BestZoo, Terra Natura Park and MundoPark.

    Also Walsrode.
     
  16. jayjds2

    jayjds2 Well-Known Member

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    @TeaLovingDave: thanks for filling me in on European collections. For some reason, it didn't occur to me to check ZTL.
     
  17. Zygodactyl

    Zygodactyl Well-Known Member

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    I looked at the website again, and realized that the list of "forest birds" isn't a list of less-than-iconic birds they breed, but rather a list of birds you might see in the forest around the center.

    I'll buy that there are more than three places in NZ with blue ducks--those were just the three that I found--but I thought that there was a thread on Australian wildlife recently saying that Copenhagen is the only European zoo with Tassie devils and there's none in North America? Who has the other devils outside of Oz?
     
  18. Chlidonias

    Chlidonias Moderator Staff Member

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    Auckland, Wellington and Orana in NZ all have devils, and three or four zoos in North America (can't recall which ones off the top of my head at the moment).
     
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  19. jayjds2

    jayjds2 Well-Known Member

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    Fort Wayna, Saint Louis, Toledo, Los Angeles, San Diego, and Albuquerque all have Tasmanian devils in the US. Most are fairly recent arrivals- not sure if there are plans for breeding or other holders.
     
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  20. Rafiaan

    Rafiaan Member

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    Artis received two rock sandpipers this year. They both are from a different subspecies. The zoo claims to be the only known zoo in the world to have ever exhibited this species.
    Also Antwerp ZOO is the only collection exhibiting the eastern gorilla outside of their natural range, that I know of. They keep Amahoro, a female, together with two western lowland gorillas in the Ape House.