I visited this zoo in 2009. The zoo was inaugurated on the 15th of march in 1958. The zoo is actually in a suburb of the metropolitan city, Sao Bernardo. It is next to a lovely botanical garden ( as are all the jardim botanicos i have seen in Brazil) and to the Safari park which is under the same administration as the zoo and has many of the same animals. Together the zoo, botanical gardens and safari park hold a large space of Floresta atlantica or atlantic coast tropical forest, which are a refuge to many native flora and fauna. the vegetation and landscaping is lovely. This space is surrounded by a truly enormous concerte junge that is metropolitan sao paulo, one of the largest urban concentrations on earth. The zoo is large and hilly. Most of the exhibits are moated and spacious. Past the modern entrance there is a statue of St. francis de Assisi,according to popular catholic devotion friend of animals and nature. it seems nice here, even if many people in brazil are actually evangelicals. The statue is on the edge of a truly gigantic waterfowl lake. 2 species of pelicans, black, mute, coscoraoba and black necked swans, egrets, night herons, diverse species of tree ducks, white faced ducks, gallinues and coots and more waterfowl are all here. A open space for tegus and a small aviary for tropical screech owl,lead us on to a large open space for bird shows and adequate moated exhibit for african elephant. Our first of many hills is Alameda Urso for south american animals. Two breeding groups of great anteaters, a pair of bushdog, 2 spectacled bear and some alpaca are here in nice moated pens. Then we go down to Alameda Aves, though there are actually more birds everywhere. A large aviary holds hynacinth, blue and yellow, and scarlet macaws. Smaller bird cages have green amazon, blue headed parrot, black headed parrot, black headed conures, 2 species of seirema, toco toucan, red billed toucan, aracari, red fronted macaw and 2 cockatoo species. Spix macaws and lears macaws are kept not exhibited. A large aviary has a breeding pair of crowned cranes. Then, one of the highlights of the collection. Black, golden and lion faced tamarins in breeding groups, all next to each other in very nice exhibits. Near them are some wooly monkeys. Sao Paulo is not close to Rio´s amazing primate collection, but they are better housed here. There are free ranging troops of both red and black howler monkeys and i saw both. Finally there are some adequate long cages for tayra and crab eating foxes. next is alameda felinos, here in long cages are ocelot, jaguarundi, fishing cats, servals, the only snow leopard in brazil, black panther, pumas and jaguars which have the only really large glass fronted exhibit. Another hill is Alameda bisao which has diverse mammals. Aoudad, a herd of wisent, european and canadian wolves, maned wolves, meerkats, tapir,river otters and patagonian sea lions are all here. then comes avenida yacare which of course has 3 species of yacare caimans in breeding groups with sliders. Avendia tartaruga follows with pools with large amazon turtles, snake necked turtles and mud turtles. Afterwards, sulcata, leopard, red footed and galapogos tortoises in spacious open pens. Back to the waterfowl lake we find some moated islands. here are separately red faced spider monkeys, black faced spider monkeys, coatis, an ageing lar gibbon, brown and yellow breasted capuchins. Climb another hill to see a nice moated exhibit of breeding chimpanzees, about 12 with 2 babies and a solitary male organgutan adjacent. the hill become alameda leao with moated exhibits for african lions, white bengal tigers, siberian tigers and american black bears. then come dromedaries and bactrian camels. Down into a nice african savana with damara zebras, ostriches, waterbucks,demoisille and stanley cranes. this is now alameda jirafa with a herd of reticulated giraffes and 2 white rhino. here there is nice pond for 3 species of flamingos and south american waterfowl like the orinoco goose. We are back at the lake, and go into alameda condor, which has birds of prey. 3 large aviaries for the harpy eagles,in the others are king vultures, andean condors, african fishing eagles, chilean eagle, white headed vultures, crested eagles, white tail hawks,savana hawk, barn owls and spectacled owls. After other bird cages hold peacoks, touracos, 3 species of hornbills, 3 cracid species, brazilian quail, flycacthers, woodpeckers and red ibis. There are many wild urubus or vultures about. There are also some indoor reptile and invertebrate exhibits. A false gharial and a huge american crocodile have large pools. Then savanah monitor, banded gecko, leopard gecko, armored skink, brazilian tarantulas, walking stick, emeperor scorpion, harvester ants,green horned toad, cururu toad, african bullfrog, american bullfrog, golden poision arrow frog, uromastik, 2 species of king snake, false coral snake, reticulated and ball pythons, green anaconda, 2 headed snake, canimana snake,nauyaca or bushmaster, indigo snake, green vine snake, sucuboa and surucucu water snake. Once more we arrive at the lake to pass ñandu or rheas, cassowary, emus, crested screamers and jaibiru storks. We finish at a nice pool for a family of nile hippos. I placed some sao paulo photos in the other brazil gallery and will place more when i can.