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Auckland Zoo Common Hippopotami at Auckland Zoo

Discussion in 'New Zealand' started by Zoofan15, 2 Aug 2017.

  1. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    Common Hippopotami at Auckland Zoo
    Hippopotamus amphibius

    Female Nada was imported from Taronga Zoo in 1939 as a mate for Auckland Zoo’s male hippopotamus, Dimazulu:​

    Nada (F)
    Born at Taronga Zoo 01/01/1937
    Arrived at Auckland Zoo 13/03/1939
    Died at Auckland Zoo 12/12/1965


    Nada gave birth to:

    En Zed (M)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 25/04/1944
    Fate Unknown
    Sire: Dimazulu

    Unknown (U)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 01/01/1947
    Fate Unknown
    Sire: Dimazulu

    Khama (M)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 14/03/1950
    Fate Unknown
    Sire: Dimazulu

    After Dimazulu was exported to Melbourne Zoo, a new male named Kabete was imported from Kenya:

    Kabete (M)
    Wildborn 01/01/1953
    Arrived at Auckland Zoo 01/10/1956
    Died at Auckland Zoo 20/05/1993


    Nada gave birth to:

    Snorkel (F)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 14/10/1959
    Died at Auckland Zoo 30/09/2010
    Sire: Kabete

    Kiboko (F)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 28/08/1961
    Fate Unknown
    Sire: Kabete

    Scuba (M)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 26/01/1964
    Died at Auckland Zoo 03/07/1980
    Sire: Kabete

    Nada’s daughter, Snorkel, gave birth to:

    Hope (F)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 24/01/1973
    Died at Auckland Zoo 06/04/1983
    Sire: Scuba

    Solucky (F)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 13/03/1987
    Sent to Tipperary Station 10/03/1988
    Sire: Kabete

    Unnamed (M)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 16/12/1988
    Died at Auckland Zoo 18/12/1988
    Sire: Kabete

    Unnamed (F)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 20/02/1990
    Died at Auckland Zoo 20/02/1990
    Sire: Kabete

    Unnamed (U)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 11/02/1991
    Died at Auckland Zoo 11/02/1991
    Sire: Kabete

    Unnamed (U)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 01/09/1991
    Died at Auckland Zoo 01/09/1991
    Sire: Kabete

    Snorkel’s daughter, Hope, gave birth to:

    Unnamed (F)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 13/11/1979
    Died at Auckland Zoo 13/11/1979
    Sire: Kabete

    Chad (M)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 13/11/1979
    Died at Auckland Zoo 19/11/1979
    Sire: Kabete

    Unnamed (M)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 11/10/1980
    Died at Auckland Zoo 11/10/1980
    Sire: Kabete

    Unnamed (F)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 30/06/1981
    Died at Auckland Zoo 30/06/1981
    Sire: Kabete

    Unnamed (F)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 23/03/1982
    Died at Auckland Zoo 23/03/1982
    Sire: Kabete

    After Nada’s death, a new female named Bonnie was imported from Taronga Zoo:

    Bonnie (F)
    Born at Taronga Zoo 17/11/1957
    Arrived at Auckland Zoo 21/12/1966
    Died at Auckland Zoo 31/05/1982


    Bonnie gave birth to:

    Unnamed (F)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 01/03/1968
    Died at Auckland Zoo 04/03/1968
    Sire: Unknown

    Unnamed (M)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 28/03/1969
    Died at Auckland Zoo 02/04/1969
    Sire: Scuba

    Unnamed (M)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 28/11/1969
    Died at Auckland Zoo 29/11/1969
    Sire: Scuba

    Unnamed (M)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 16/05/1971
    Died at Auckland Zoo 19/05/1971
    Sire: Scuba

    Wahahui (M)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 20/06/1972
    Died at Auckland Zoo 18/10/1972
    Sire: Scuba

    Unnamed (U)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 17/06/1973
    Died at Auckland Zoo 17/06/1973
    Sire: Kabete

    Faith (F)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 05/01/1975
    Died at Auckland Zoo 16/08/2016
    Sire: Kabete

    Unnamed (M)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 12/11/1977
    Died at Auckland Zoo 12/11/1977
    Sire: Scuba

    Bonnie’s daughter, Faith, gave birth to:

    Floyd (M)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 13/09/1982
    Died at Auckland Zoo 23/12/1987
    Sire: Kabete

    Fonzee (M)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 26/04/1987
    Sent to Tipperary Station 10/03/1988
    Sire: Kabete

    Fatima (F)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 16/03/1988
    Died at Auckland Zoo 31/03/1988
    Sire: Kabete

    Fudge (F)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 16/03/1988
    Died at Auckland Zoo 26/03/2016
    Sire: Kabete

    Unnamed (M)

    Born at Auckland Zoo 28/09/1989
    Died at Auckland Zoo 28/09/1989
    Sire: Kabete

    Unnamed (F)
    Born at Auckland Zoo 28/05/1990
    Died at Auckland Zoo 28/05/1990
    Sire: Kabete

    Unnamed (U)

    Born at Auckland Zoo 17/03/1991
    Died at Auckland Zoo 22/03/1991
    Sire: Kabete

    Additional notes/info:

    Castration of male hippopotami was trialled at Auckland Zoo. The testes are located internally, which combined with the risk of anaesthetic, make it a difficult and risky procedure. It was carried out unsuccessfully on Floyd in 1987 and successfully on Fudge in 1993. Females were contracepted through contraceptive pills and injections to induce abortions. The last births were in 1991 to Faith and Snorkel.

    Nada’s line is survived in the region at the Taronga Western Plains Zoo by her great grandaughter. Snorkel’s daughter, Solucky (born 1987), was sent to Tipperary Station where she was bred against recommendation to produce a female calf named Cuddles (born 2002). Cuddles is TWPZ’s breeding female and has to date produced two surviving female calves: Kibibi (born 2014) and Kendi (born 2017).

    The pregnancy of a female hippopotamus lasts just under 8 months. Females often experience post-partum oestrous, explaining the short inter-birth intervals between some calves.
     
  2. Pertinax

    Pertinax Well-Known Member

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    Interesting list. You have Fudge down as (F) though he was castrated... Its interesting this list contains a significant number of calves that either died soon after birth or only survived a few days, despite the mother having raised previous offspring.. This is very similar to some European breeding records for Hippo also.
     
  3. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    How embarassing, I used Fatima (Fudge's twin) as a template for Fudge as they had the same date of birth, place of birth and father. I changed the name and date of death but forgot to change the F to an M for gender.

    Yes, a large number of calves died. I believe the majority were killed by other hippopotamus in the enclosure. The fate of the calves seem to cluster eg. two calves born in 1987 survived, and one born in 1988 survived, while several born in the late 70s/early 80s and early 90s died. I'm guessing this indicated a condition in their environment eg. in 1987, there was the facilities to separate the mother and calf but the increased population density in earlier or later times meant there wasn't.

    Does anyone know how many enclosures they've had through the years? I believe the original enclosure was divided into two? And indeed quite a few calves survived as the male could be separated from the mother and calf. How about the Western Spring expansion enclosure? I don't know what year they moved into it (1970s-1980s?) but by then there would have had several animals and conditions would have been quite cramped.
     
    Last edited: 17 Oct 2017
  4. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    Chaka and Bella

    I found this article on Chaka and Bella. They were Auckland Zoo's first pair of Common hippopotamus and produced 6 calves together. The youngest, a male named Dimazulu, was born in 1937 and bred with Nada (see Post #1 of this thread) to produce the third generation.

    Bella and Chaka the First Hippos at Auckland Zoological Gardens | Hippopotamus | Zoo

    Chaka died in 1937; but the author doesn't know the date of death for Bella. I found this article from 1954 which suggests she had died that year:

    They'll see hippo in the bar - The Herald (Melbourne, Vic. : 1861 - 1954) - 1 Oct 1954

    An Auckland publican. Mr Charles Nicholson, who had a beer-drinking Tuatara lizard in his bar until zoo authorities removed it, has bought the head and hoofs of a hippopotamus from the Auckland Zoo. They will be displayed in his bar. The hippopotamus, Bella, died of injuries received in a fight with another of her ilk.
     
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  5. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    Fourth Generation of Common Hippopotamus at Auckland Zoo:

    I also found this article from 1950:

    Baby Hippo At N. Z. Zoo - Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954) - 29 May 1950

    A visitor's report to a keeper that mother hippo was bashing its youngster was first intimation Auckland Zoo had that the hippo had given birth to a baby. The mother was born in the zoo three and a half years ago. Before being rescued by the staff the new arrival had dived over a miniature waterfall and gone through a grid separating the mother and father's pens. The youngster is how keeping alongside mother. The curator hopes it will live, notwithstanding its lively first hour of life.

    I believe the mother was Nada's second calf since this hippo (listed as unknown name and gender on the records I have) was born 1947 (see Post #1 of this thread). This article therefore confirms Nada's second calf was a female, and that she gave birth to the fourth generation of Common hippopotamus at Auckland Zoo in 1950.
     
  6. Jambo

    Jambo Well-Known Member

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    Great article!

    I find these statements regarding the hippo enclosure interesting:

    1. Auckland Zoo set about enlarging the creek coming from the Western springs lake, enclosing it with a stone and iron fence to create a space for the anticipated new arrival.

    2. (Chaka) has occupied a bachelor pond higher up, but the iron grating between did not prevent him taking note of what went on in the old home.

    3. Chaka, immobile and half submerged, nestled against the iron bars of his pool glancing from one half opened eye under the bridge to the next pool, where Bella and her baby lay in shallow water.

    These statements give descriptions of the original enclosure that lasted until around 1975 before being refurbished or demolished. @Kiwi1 , do these statements compare with your memories of the post 1975 enclosure?
     
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  7. Kiwi1

    Kiwi1 Member

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    I can recall a lot of iron bars in the water persumably seperating different animals but the details are pretty vauge now I am afraid.
     
  8. Zoofan15

    Zoofan15 Well-Known Member

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    Like this you mean? hippos | ZooChat