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Is there a new wolf species?

Discussion in 'Wildlife & Nature Conservation' started by DavidBrown, 31 Jul 2015.

  1. DavidBrown

    DavidBrown Moderator Staff Member

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  2. Batto

    Batto Well-Known Member

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    ZTL is your friend...;)
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  3. devilfish

    devilfish Well-Known Member

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    There are also quite a few in zoos within their native range.
     
  4. Hix

    Hix Wildlife Enthusiast and Lover of Islands Premium Member

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    I'd like to know what makes it a wolf and not a jackal?

    I'm also a little sceptical of the article as it says "Africa is also home to two other wolf species - the Gray Wolf and the Ethiopian Wolf". The link supplied then clearly names the Ethiopian as the only wolf in Africa.

    :p

    Hix
     
  5. jbnbsn99

    jbnbsn99 Well-Known Member

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  6. Pertinax

    Pertinax Well-Known Member

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    I noticed the same. A major mistake.
     
  7. Swampy

    Swampy Well-Known Member

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    Given that the 'golden jackal' has a continuous range through North Africa and the Middle East, i'm wondering where the divide between the two species is, and if there's any overlap in their ranges? possible naturally-occurring hybrids?
     
  8. Hix

    Hix Wildlife Enthusiast and Lover of Islands Premium Member

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    Actually, having read the full paper (linked to by jbnbsn99 above) the first figure - a cladogram - included several individuals referenced as Canis lupus lupaster and were from North African localities. In the caption it said Canis lupus lupaster was "the African Wolf".

    Google this scientific name produced more information - on the Egyptian Wolf and the Senegalese Wolf.

    Apparently the Golden Jackal subspecies in North Africa has been recently thought to be more closely linked with the gray wolf. This study confirms that, and suggests the Egyptian is a subspecies of Gray wolf, and the Senegalese is the nominate of the African Golden Wolf. This maybe where the journalist got the idea of there being gray wolves in Africa.

    :p

    Hix
     
  9. TeaLovingDave

    TeaLovingDave Moderator Staff Member

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    I believe the cladogram only uses the term "Canis lupus lupaster" as it is the currently-accepted name for the taxon - it appears from the cladogram and subsequent discussion that they are suggesting lupaster is a junior synonym for the new taxon Canis anthus, with any differences between the populations being due to hybridisation between anthus and aureus in the Middle East:

     
  10. jbnbsn99

    jbnbsn99 Well-Known Member

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    I think the names in the cladogram only refer to the names of the samples they used and have no bearing on actual nomenclature.

    Looking at that cladogram, it seems to show Canis chanco as being a distinct species as well.
     
  11. Batto

    Batto Well-Known Member

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  12. Hix

    Hix Wildlife Enthusiast and Lover of Islands Premium Member

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    Possibly because he hasn't yet been widely acknowledged. ITIS, IUCN and Catalogue of Life still list anthus and lupaster to be a subspecies of aureus.

    :p

    Hix
     
  13. TeaLovingDave

    TeaLovingDave Moderator Staff Member

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    The proposal made several years ago, in the PLoS ONE paper you linked to, was not quite the same as the proposal made now; the former proposal suggested that lupaster belongs within Canis lupus, whilst the latter suggests that lupaster and anthus belong outside Canis lupus.

    Interestingly, if one supports the suggestion that this new taxon is valid, the phylogenetic tree in the PLoS ONE paper rather suggests that the long-mooted split of Canis lupus pallipes and Canis lupus chanco into full species should also take place.
     
  14. Batto

    Batto Well-Known Member

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    Not quite the same, but so similar that it surprised me that nobody else brought it up.